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Development of Self-directed Learning Scale for University Students based on the Complex Structure Model

복합구조 모형을 토대로 한 대학생 자기주도학습 측정 도구 개발

  • Received : 2016.06.14
  • Accepted : 2016.07.14
  • Published : 2016.10.28

Abstract

This study organize a self-directed learning in complex structures. And based on this, It was developed self-directed learning scale for university students. It was a analyzing literature and reviewing previous studies for developed scale. Therefore, Self-directed learning model was configured into motives, performance behaviors, and learning management behaviors. On the basis of this, the present study constructed 19 sub-factors and developed 114 scale items. First, a preliminary scale was developed and its reliability was assessed by administering the scale to 128 students attending A university. The result showed that the reliability of every sub-factor was good and, therefore, the scale was developed with no item removed. To verify the validity of the scale, this study evaluated reliability and construct validity by administering the scale to 674 students going to A university. The reliability and validity of all sub-factors were found to be good. A confirmatory factor analysis was performed to verify construct validity and the result revealed that the first model was not an appropriate model. For this reason, the first model was modified once by taking the model modification index into account and it was found that ${\chi}^2$ (563.254), CFI=.963, NFI=.951, RMSEA=.064. Thus, the model was verified as a valid model. The results of this study imply that it is possible to point out learners' weaknesses and strengths by measuring activities taking place in the learning process in detail.

Keywords

Self-directed Learning;Self-directed Learning Level;Self-directed Learning Scale;Complex Structure Model

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