A Literatural Investigation of Diagnosis Methods and Evaluation Outcomes for the Clinical Trials on Temporomandibular Disorders

측두하악장애 임상연구에 사용된 진단 및 평가기준에 대한 문헌적 고찰

  • Received : 2016.09.19
  • Accepted : 2016.10.06
  • Published : 2016.10.31


Objectives The aim of this review is to provide fundamental data for temporomandibular disorders diagnosis and evaluation criteria which can be used in clinical trial. Methods We investigated the clinical studies on temporomandibular disorders via PubMed. Also, we searched domestic articles through "OASIS", "NDSL", "KISS", "Korean Traditional Knowledge Portal (KTKP)". The articles we focused on were the recent decade from 2007 to 2016. A total of 139 studies were analyzed: 42 domestic articles and 97 overseas articles. This study focuses on the diagnosis and evaluation criteria on temporomandibular disorders. Results 1) In diagnosis criteria, Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) was used 14 times in domestic articles and 63 times in overseas articles. Clinical symptoms were used 13 times in domestic articles, 17 times in overseas articles. 2) In evaluation criteria, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was used as a pain scale 12 times in domestic articles, 63 times in overseas articles. Pressure Pain Threshold (PPT) was used 16 times in overseas articles. Whereas, no clinical trials used PPT in domestic articles. In psychological scale, Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) was used 6 times. However, SCL-90-R was used 2 times in domestic articles. ROM(Maximum Mouth Opening (MMO), Maximum Comfortable Opening (MCO) were used 24 times in overseas. In domestic articles, MMO was counted 12 times, while MCO was counted 5 times. Conclusions This research reviewed the tendency of using diagnosis methods and evaluating outcomes of the clinical on TMD. It is expected that this investigation would develop further treatment for TMD in the Korean Medicine.


Temporomandibular disorders;Research diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (RDC/TMD);Diagnosis methods;Evaluation outcomes


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