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A Case Study on the Evaluation of Environmental Health Status based on Environmental Health Indicators

환경보건지표를 이용한 지역 환경보건수준 평가 사례연구

  • Jung, Soon-Won (National Institute of Environmental Research, Environmental Health Research Division) ;
  • Lee, Young-Mee (National Institute of Environmental Research, Environmental Health Research Division) ;
  • Hong, Sung-Joon (Survey and Health Policy Research Center, Dongguk University) ;
  • Chang, Jun-Young (National Institute of Environmental Research, Environmental Health Research Division) ;
  • Yu, Seung-Do (National Institute of Environmental Research, Environmental Health Research Division) ;
  • Choi, Kyung-Hee (National Institute of Environmental Research, Environmental Health Research Division) ;
  • Park, Choong-Hee (National Institute of Environmental Research, Environmental Health Research Division)
  • 정순원 (국립환경과학원 환경보건연구과) ;
  • 이영미 (국립환경과학원 환경보건연구과) ;
  • 홍성준 (동국대학교 서베이&헬스폴리시 리서치센터) ;
  • 장준영 (국립환경과학원 환경보건연구과) ;
  • 유승도 (국립환경과학원 환경보건연구과) ;
  • 최경희 (국립환경과학원 환경보건연구과) ;
  • 박충희 (국립환경과학원 환경보건연구과)
  • Received : 2016.09.30
  • Accepted : 2016.10.19
  • Published : 2016.10.31

Abstract

Objectives: This study was conducted to assess environmental health status on a local scale using environmental health-related indicators. It demonstrated the possibility of using a structural equation model, a methodological approach to provide synthesized information. Methods: Eighteen indicators were selected from official statistical data published by local governments. Each environmental health-related indicator was classified according to the PSR (pressure-state-response) model. Aggregation methods were performed using principal component analysis and fuzzy sets. Results: The five principal components were classified through principal component analysis (PCA) and obtained eigenvalues >1.0 from the initial 18 indicators. The aggregated index was obtained by condensing the original information into two broad and simple categories through fuzzy sets. Conclusion: This could be useful in that the aggregation procedure may provide a basis for establishing environmental health policies and a decision-making process. However, the availability and quality of indicators, assessment of aggregation method bias, choice of weighted scores for indicators, and other factors should be examined in future studies.

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