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A Prediction Model for Unmet Needs of Elders with Dementia and Caregiving Experiences of Family Caregivers

재가치매 환자의 미충족요구와 가족부양자의 돌봄경험 예측모형

  • Choi, Sora (Department of Nursing, Chungbuk Health & Science University) ;
  • Park, Myonghwa (College of Nursing, Chungnam National University)
  • 최소라 (충북보건과학대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 박명화 (충남대학교 간호대학)
  • Received : 2016.01.24
  • Accepted : 2016.06.19
  • Published : 2016.10.31

Abstract

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to develop and test a prediction model for caregiving experiences including caregiving satisfaction and burden in dementia family caregivers. Methods: The stress process model and a two factor model were used as the conceptual frameworks. Secondary data analysis was done with 320 family caregivers who were selected from the Seoul Dementia Management Survey (2014) data set. In the hypothesis model, the exogenous variable was patient symptomatology which included cognitive impairment, behavioral problems, dependency in activity of daily living and in instrumental activity of daily living. Endogenous variables were caregiver's perception of dementia patient's unmet needs, caregiving satisfaction and caregiving burden. Data were analysed using SPSS/WINdows and AMOS program. Results: Caregiving burden was explained by patient symptomatology and caregiving satisfaction indicating significant direct effects and significant indirect effect from unmet needs. The proposed model explained 37.8% of the variance. Caregiving satisfaction was explained by patient symptomatology and unmet needs. Mediating effect of unmet needs was significant in the relationship between patient symptomatology and caregiving satisfaction. Conclusion: Results indicate that interventions focusing on relieving caregiving burden and enhancing caregiver satisfaction should be provided to caregivers with high levels of dementia patients' unmet needs and low level of caregiving satisfaction.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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