DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Maternal Origin of Turkish and Iranian Native Chickens Inferred from Mitochondrial DNA D-loop Sequences

  • Meydan, Hasan (Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Akdeniz University) ;
  • Jang, Cafer Pish (Department of Animal Science, Islamic Azad University of Maragheh) ;
  • Yildiz, Mehmet Ali (Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Ankara University) ;
  • Weigend, Steffen (Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Institute of Farm Animal Genetics)
  • Received : 2015.12.24
  • Accepted : 2016.05.10
  • Published : 2016.11.01

Abstract

To assess genetic diversity and maternal origin of Turkish and Iranian native chicken breeds, we analyzed the mtDNA D-loop sequences of 222 chickens from 2 Turkish (Denizli and Gerze) and 7 Iranian (White Marandi, Black Marandi, Naked Neck, Common Breed, Lari, West Azarbaijan, and New Hampshire) native chicken breeds, together with the available reference sequences of G. gallus gallus in GenBank. The haplotype diversity was estimated as $0.24{\pm}0.01$ and $0.36{\pm}0.02$ for Turkish and Iranian populations, respectively. In total, 19 haplotypes were observed from 24 polymorphic sites in Turkish and Iranian native chicken populations. Two different clades or haplogroups (A and E) were found in Turkish and Iranian chickens. Clade A haplotypes were found only in White Marandi, Common Breed and New Hampshire populations. Clade E haplotypes, which are quite common, were observed in Turkish and Iranian populations with 18 different haplotypes, of which Turkish and Iranian chickens, Clade E, haplotype 1 (TRIRE1) was a major haplotype with the frequency of 81.5% (181/222) across all breeds. Compared to red jungle fowl, Turkish and Iranian chicken breeds are closely related to each other. These results suggest that Turkish and Iranian chickens originated from the same region, the Indian subcontinent. Our results will provide reliable basic information for mtDNA haplotypes of Turkish and Iranian chickens and for studying the origin of domestic chickens.

Keywords

Turkish Native Chicken Breeds;Iranian Native Chicken Breeds;mtDNA D-loop;Haplogroup;Maternal Origin

Acknowledgement

Supported by : The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey

References

  1. Besbes, B. 2009. Genotype evaluation and breeding of poultry for performance under sub-optimal village conditions. Worlds Poult. Sci. J. 65:260-271. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0043933909000221
  2. Bilgemre, K. 1939. Modern Poultry Husbandry. (1st edn.) Higher Agricultural Institute Press, Ankara, Turkey.
  3. Crawford, R. D. 1990. Origin and history of poultry species. In: Poultry Breeding and Genetics (Ed. R. D. Crawford). Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. pp. 1-41.
  4. Crawford, R. D. 1995. Origin, history, and distribution of commercial poultry. In: Poultry Production (Ed. P. Hunton). Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. pp. 1-21.
  5. Cuc, N. T. K., H. Simianer, L. F. Groeneveld, and S. Weigend. 2011. Multiple maternal lineages of Vietnamese local chickens inferred by mitochondrial DNA D-loop sequences. Asian Australas. J. Anim. Sci. 24:155-161.
  6. Duzgunes, O. 1990. Animal genetic resources. In: The Biological Richness of Turkey (Ed. A. Kence). Environmental Problems Foundation Press, Ankara, Turkey.
  7. Eriksson, J., G. Larson, U. Gunnarsson, B. Bed'hom, M. Tixier-Boichard, L. Stromstedt, D. Wright, A. Jungerius, A. Vereijken, E. Randi, P. Jensen, and L. Andersson. 2008. Identification of the yellow skin gene reveals a hybrid origin of the domestic chicken. PLoS Genet. 4:e1000010. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1000010
  8. Excoffier, L., G. Laval, and S. Schneider. 2005. Arlequin (version 3.0): An integrated software package for population genetics data analysis. Evol. Bioinform. 1:47-50.
  9. Fumihito, A., T. Miyake, S. Sumi, M. Takada, S. Ohno, and N. Kondo. 1994. One subspecies of the red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus gallus) suffices as the matriarchic ancestor of all domestic breeds. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 91:12505-12509. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.91.26.12505
  10. Fumihito, A., T. Miyake, M. Takada, R. Shingu, T. Endo, T. Gojobori, N. Kondo, and S. Ohno. 1996. Monophyletic origin and unique dispersal patterns of domestic fowls. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 93:6792-6795. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.93.13.6792
  11. Huson, D. H. and D. Bryant. 2006. Application of phylogenetic networks in evolutionary studies. Mol. Biol. Evol. 23:254-267. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msj030
  12. Kanginakudru, S., M. Metta, R. D. Jakati, and J. Nagaraju. 2008. Genetic evidence from Indian red jungle fowl corroborates multiple domestication of modern day chicken. BMC Evol. Biol. 8:174. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-8-174
  13. Kaya, M. and M. A. Yildiz. 2008. Genetic diversity among Turkish native chickens, Denizli and Gerze, estimated by microsatellite markers. Biochem. Genet. 46:480-491. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10528-008-9164-8
  14. Kaya, M. and M. A. Yildiz. 2014. Chicken domestication and indigenous chicken breeds of Turkey. J. Poult. Res. 11:21-28.
  15. Kumar, S., M. Nei, J. Dudley, and K. Tamura. 2008. MEGA: A biologist-centric software for evolutionary analysis of DNA and protein sequences. Brief. Bioinform. 9:299-306. https://doi.org/10.1093/bib/bbn017
  16. Librado, P. and J. Rozas. 2009. DnaSP v5: a software for comprehensive analysis of DNA polymorphism data. Bioinformatics 25:1451-1452. https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btp187
  17. Liu, Y. P., G. S. Wu, Y. G. Yao, Y. W. Miao, G. Luikart, M. Baig, A. Beja-Pereira, Z. L. Ding, M. G. Palanichamy, and Y. P. Zhang. 2006. Multiple maternal origins of chickens: out of Asian jungles. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 38:12-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2005.09.014
  18. Miller, S. A., D. D. Dykes, and H. F. Polesk. 1988. A simple salting out procedure for extracting DNA from human nucleated cells. Nucleic Acids Res. 16:1215. https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/16.3.1215
  19. Mirhosseini, S. Z. and H. Dehghanzadeh. 2003. Study on genetic diversity of Fars native chickens using RAPD markers. In: 3rd National Congress on Biotechnology. Mashhad, Iran. 4:387-390.
  20. Muchadeyi, F. C., H. Eding, H. Simianer, C. B. A. Wollny, E. Groeneveld, and S. Weigend. 2008. Mitochondrial DNA Dloop sequences suggest a Southeast Asian and Indian origin of Zimbabwean village chickens. Anim. Genet. 39:615-622. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2052.2008.01785.x
  21. Mwacharo, J. M., G. Bjornstad, V. Mobegi, K. Nomura, H. Hanada, T. Amano, H. Jianlin, and O. Hanotte. 2011. Mitochondrial DNA reveals multiple introductions of domestic chickens in East Africa. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 58:374-382. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2010.11.027
  22. Nishibori, M., T. Shimogiri, T. Hayashi, and H. Yasue. 2005. Molecular evidence for hybridization of species in the genus Gallus except for Gallus varius. Anim. Genet. 36:367-375. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2052.2005.01318.x
  23. Oka, T., Y. Ino, K. Nomura, S. Kawashima, T. Kuwayama, H. Hanada, T. Amano, M. Takada, N. Takahata, Y. Hayashi, and F. Akishinonomiya. 2007. Analysis of mtDNA sequences shows Japanese native chickens have multiple origins. Anim. Genet. 38:287-293. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2052.2007.01604.x
  24. Rahimi, G., A. KhanAhmadi, A. Nejati-Javaremi, and S. Esmaeilkhanian. 2002. Estimation of genetic variability in Mazandaran native fowls using RAPD markers. In: Proceedings of 28th International Conference on Animal Genetics. Gottingen, Germany. 120 p. D111.
  25. Razafindraibe, H., V. A. Mobegi, S. C. Ommeh, M. L. Rakotondravao, G. Bjornstad, O. Hanotte, and H. Jianlin. 2008. Mitochondrial DNA origin of indigenous Malagasy chicken: Implications for a functional polymorphism at the Mx gene. Ann. NY Acad. Sci. 1149:77-79. https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1428.047
  26. Revay, T., N. Bodzsar, V. E. Mobegi, O. Hanotte, and A. Hidas. 2010. Origin of Hungarian indigenous chicken breeds inferred from mitochondrial DNA D-loop sequences. Anim. Genet. 41:548-550. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2052.2010.02041.x
  27. Romanov, M. N. and S. Weigend. 2001. Analysis of genetic relationships between various populations of domestic and jungle fowl using microsatellite markers. Poult. Sci. 80:1057-1063. https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/80.8.1057
  28. Shahbazi, S., S. Z. Mirhosseini, and M. N. Romanov. 2007. Genetic diversity in five Iranian native chicken populations estimated by microsatellite markers. Biochem. Genet. 45:63-75. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10528-006-9058-6
  29. Shariatmadari, F. 2000. Poultry production and the industry in Iran. Worlds Poult. Sci. J. 56:55-65. https://doi.org/10.1079/WPS20000006
  30. West, B. and B. X. Zhou. 1989. Did chickens go north? New evidence for domestication. Worlds Poult. Sci. J. 45:205-218. https://doi.org/10.1079/WPS19890012