DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Study on the Preparation and Characterization of Ophthalmic Polymer with High and Low-Water Content

  • Lee, Min-Jae (Department of Optometry & Vision Science, Catholic University of Daegu) ;
  • Sung, A-Young (Department of Optometry & Vision Science, Catholic University of Daegu)
  • Received : 2017.07.27
  • Accepted : 2017.11.06
  • Published : 2017.12.20

Abstract

This study was planned considering the chain length, hydrophilicity, and hydrophobicity of the additives to be used in the polymerization, while various ophthalmic lenses that use various additives with similar water contents were manufactured before their optical and physical properties were compared and analyzed. With regard to the additives required for manufacturing high-, medium-, and low-water content lens groups, HEA (hydroxyethyl acrylate), PVP (polyvinylpyrrolidone), and NMV(N-methyl-N-vinylacetamide) were used as additives for preparing the high-water content lens group, HEMA(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate), HPMA(hydroxypropyl methacrylate) and BD(1,4-butanediol) were used for the medium-water content lens group. For the low-water content lens group, BMA(buthyl methacrylate), BDDA(1,4-butanediol diacrylate), and Bis-GMA(bisphenol A glycerolate diacrylate) were used, respectively. The average water content of HEA was 40.14%; that of PVP, 39.63%; and that of NMV, 40.52%. The mean of water content was 35.92% for HEMA, 35.74% for BD, and 34.62% for HPMA. For the low-water content lens group, the mean of water content was 26.69% for BMA, 27.76% for BDDA, and 26.14% for Bis-GMA. With regard to the results of the water content measurement using a moisture analyzer, the average water content of the high-water content lens group was 41.34% for HEA, 42.62% for PVP, and 42.73% for NMV. Finally, for the low-water content lens group, the average water content was 28.62% for BMA, 28.82% for BDDA, and 28.32% for Bis-GMA. The measurements of the water contents of the lenses using the two methods showed that the water content and refractive index of the lenses were similar in all the lens groups. The measurements of the contact angles, however, showed a different wettability value for each lens with a similar water content. Also, the change tendency of the lens curvature according to the change of time showed that the change amount became larger and the recovery time became longer from the lens samples with a lower water content to those with a higher water content. Based on these results that will be helpful for the study of ophthalmic lenses.

Keywords

High-water content group;Medium-water content group;Low-water content group;Wettability;Base curvature

References

  1. Kim, D. H.; Sung, A. Y. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 2016, 16, 11035. https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2016.13285
  2. Kim, D. H.; Sung, A. Y. J. Kor. Chem. Soc. 2017, 61, 97.
  3. Lee, M. J.; Sung, A. Y. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 2017, 17, 7400. https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2017.14767
  4. Lee, M. J.; Kim, D. H.; Kim, D. H.; Sung, A. Y. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 2016, 16, 8687. https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2016.12519
  5. Lee, M. J.; A. Y. Sung; Kim, T. H. J. Kor. Oph. Opt. Soc. 2014, 19, 43. https://doi.org/10.14479/jkoos.2014.19.1.43
  6. Cho, S. A.; Park, S. Y.; Kim, T. H.; Sung, A. Y. Kor. J. Vis. Sci. 2012, 14, 69.
  7. Ye, K. H.; Kim, T. H.; Sung, A. Y. J. Kor. Oph. Opt. Soc. 2008, 13, 29.
  8. Lee, M. J.; Kim, T. H. Sung, A. Y. J. Kor. Chem. Soc. 2016, 60, 181. https://doi.org/10.5012/jkcs.2016.60.3.181
  9. Ji, H. S.; Jung, S. I.; Hur, H.; Choi, H. S.; Kim, J. H.; Park, H. O. Polymer(Korea) 2012, 36, 302.
  10. Kim, S. M.; Park, S. D.; Kim, K. D.; Kim, H. T. Ceramist 2009, 12, 98.
  11. Eeckman, F.; Moës, A. J.; Amighi, K. Euro. Pol. J. 2004, 40, 873. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2003.11.010
  12. Chen, G.; Van Der Dose, L. Bantjes, A. J. App. Pol. Sci. 1992, 45, 853. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1992.070450512
  13. Ikram, S.; Kumari, M.; Gupta, B. Rad. Phys. Chem. 2011, 80, 50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2010.08.013
  14. Eltoukhy, A. A.; Siegwart, D. J.; Alabi, C. A.; Rajan, J. S.; Langer, R.; Anderson, D. G. Biomaterials 2012, 33, 3594. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2012.01.046
  15. Xia, J.; Zhang, X.; Matyjaszewski, K. Macromolecules 1999, 32, 4482. https://doi.org/10.1021/ma9900378
  16. Han, S. H.; Kim, E. Y. J. KAIS, 2016, 17, 93.
  17. Her, S.; Kim, K. H. J. Kor. Acad. Community Health Nurs. 2014, 25, 259. https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2014.25.4.259