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Antihepatotoxic effect of ethanol extracts from steam-dried ginseng berry on ᴅ-galactosamine/lipopolysaccharide-sensitized mice

ᴅ-galactosamine/lipopolysaccharide로 감작된 급성간독성 마우스 모델에서 인삼열매추출물의 간독성 개선 효과

  • Received : 2017.07.17
  • Accepted : 2017.08.14
  • Published : 2017.12.31

Abstract

The present study aimed to examine the hepatoprotective effects of ethanol extracts from steam-dried ginseng berry (SGBE) in both $\text\tiny{D}$-Galactosamine/Lipopolysaccharide ($\text\tiny{D}$-GalN/LPS)-sensitized mice and in vitro models. Our results clearly demonstrated that SGBE significantly reduced the level of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and lactate dehydrogenase in blood, and $TNF{\alpha}$ was normalized in 8 h after the treatment with $\text\tiny{D}$-GalN/LPS. Coincidently, major organs remained unimpaired when compared to $\text\tiny{D}$-GalN/LPS control group. Moreover, p38, which stimulates expression of NAFLD-associated cytokines, was markedly inhibited when treated with SGBE. In vitro analysis revealed that the main components of SGBE, linoleic acid and ginsenoside Re/Rd, may play a role in protecting liver from $\text\tiny{D}$-GalN/LPS-induced toxicity. Finally, we concluded that SGBE may be a promising therapeutic agent for preventing damage to the liver.

Keywords

ginseng berry;$\text\tiny{D}$-galactosamine/lipopolysaccharide;non-alcoholic fatty liver disease;ginsenoside;linoleic acid

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : 산업통상자원부