- Volume 5 Issue 1
DOI QR Code
The Fukushima Nuclear Accident and Environmental Risk: A Survey of Fukushima Residents
- Received : 2017.09.06
- Accepted : 2017.11.13
- Published : 2017.11.30
The Fukushima nuclear accident caused by an earthquake and a subsequent tsunami on March 11, 2011 has seriously impacted the environment surrounding the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. While all the residents near the plant were evacuated from the area deemed uninhabitable after the accident, residents of the neighboring area outside of the evacuation zone still seem to live in fear of invisible radiation. To understand Fukushima residents' thinking about the environmental risks that accompany a nuclear disaster, we utilize a poll of the residents of Fukushima conducted in 2013. Based on the survey data, we reveal factors that seem to strongly affect their knowledge and concerns about nuclear power plants. The results of the multivariate analysis show the importance of the following two factors: (1) confidence in mass media, and (2) trust in institutions in charge of administering the accident, especially the central government, the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency, and Tokyo Electric Power Company. We conclude that the more people trust mass media and particular institutions, the more likely it is that they are have an elevated sense of anxiety and fear of the presence of nuclear plants.
- Beck, U. (1986). Riskogesellschaft [Risk society: towards a new modernity]. Frankfurt, Germany: Suhrkamp Verlag.
- Chungn, W., & Yeung, I. M. H. (2013). Attitudes of Hong Kong residents toward the Daya Bay nuclear power plant. Energy Policy. 62, 1172-1186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2013.07.081
- Eiser, J.R., Spears, R., & Webley, P. (1989). Nuclear attitudes before and after Chernobyl: Change and judgment. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 19, 689-700. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.1989.tb00348.x
- Fischhoff, B., Slovic, P., Lichtenstein, S., Read, S., & Combs, B. (1978). How safe is safe enough: A psychometric study of attitudes toward technological risks and benefits. Policy Sciences. 9(2), 127-152. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00143739
- Fukuda, M. (2010). Risuku Komyunikeshon to Media: Shakai Chousaronteki Apurouchi [Risk communication to Media]. Tokyo, Japan: Hokujyu Shupan.
- Iida, H., Yamamoto, T., & Shimada, Y. (1997). Iryou niokeru Houshasen Bougo no Ishiki Chousa: Dailpou Houshasen Bougo no Kiso Chishiki to Houshasen eno Fuan nitsuite [Understanding of radiation protection in medicine: Part1: Knowledge about radiation exposure and anxiety about radiation injury]. Japanese Journal of Radiological Technology. 53(10), 1551-1563. https://doi.org/10.6009/jjrt.KJ00001355267
- Imai, A. (2011a). Genpatu saigai hinansha no jittutai chousa (1). [The primary survey of inhabitants who were evacuated from the nuclear power plant disaster]. The Jichi-Soken Monthly Review of Local Government. 393, 1-37.
- Imai, A. (2011b). Genpatu saigai hinansha no jittutai chousa (2) . [The second primary survey of inhabitants who were evacuated from the nuclear power plant disaster.] The Jichi-Soken Monthly Review of Local Government. 398, 17-41.
- Imai, A. (2012). Genpatu saigai hinansha no jittutai chousa (3). [The third primary survey of inhabitants who were evacuated from the nuclear power plant disaster.] The Jichi-Soken Monthly Review of Local Government. 402, 24-56.
- Iwai, N. & Shishido, K. (2015). The Impact of the Great East Japan Earthquake and Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident on people's perception of disaster risks and attitudes toward nuclear energy policy. Asian Journal for Public Opinion Research, 2(3), 172-195. http://dx.doi.org/10.15206/ajpor.2015.2.3.172
- Keller, C., Visschers, V., & Siegrist, M. (2012). Affective imagery and acceptance of replacing nuclear power plant. Risk Analysis, 32, 464-477. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1539-6924.2011.01691.x
- Kimura, H., Furuta, K., & Suzuki, A. (2003). Genshiryoku no shakaitekijyuyousei wo handan suru youin :chishikiryou ni yoru hikaku bunseki. [Psychological factors affecting public acceptance of nuclear energy: Comparative analysis focusing on regional characteristics and degree of knowledge.] Transactions of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan, 2(4), 379-388. https://doi.org/10.3327/taesj2002.2.379
- Kitada, A., & Hayashi, C. (2000). Tokai -mura rinkaijiko ga kousyu no genshiryoku hatuden ni taisuru taido ni oyoboshita eikyou. [Effects of the criticality accident at Tokai - mura on the public's attitude to nuclear power.] Journal of the Institute of Nuclear Safety System, 7, 25-44.
- Kitada. A. (2006). Genshiryoku hatuden ni kansuru ishiki no keizoku chousa mihamaki jiko 1nenngo no kekka. [Longitudinal survey of public opinion toward nuclear power generation: The result of a survey conducted one year after the Mihama Unit 3 accident.] Journal of the Institute of Nuclear Safety System, 13, 303-310.
- Kitada, A. (2013). Keizokuchousa de miru genshiryoku hatudensho ni taisuru Yyoron kako 30nenn to Fukushima Daiichi Genshiryoku hatudensho jikogo no henka. [Public opinion on nuclear power generation measured in continuous polls changes after Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident over the past 30 years.] Transactions of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan, 12(3), 177-196. https://doi.org/10.3327/taesj.J12.039
- Kono, K., & Masaki, M. (2014). Shinsai 3 nen "bousai to Enerugii" Chousa: kokumin to hisaisha no ishiki wo saguru [Public opinion survey on "Disaster Prevention and Energy" conducted three years after the Great East Japan Earthquake: Exploring the attitudes of the people across Japan and of the residents in afflicted areas]. The NHK Monthly Report on Broadcast Research. 64(4), 2-29.
- Lindell, M.K., & Perry, R.W. (1990). Effects of the Chernobyl accidents on public perceptions of nuclear plant accident risks. Risk Analysis, 10(3), 393-399.
- Newport, F. (2012). Americans still favor nuclear power a year after Fukushima. Retrieved from http://www.gallup.com/poll/153452/americans-favor-nuclear-power-year-fukushima.aspx.
- Onishi, T. (1998). Variation of public opinion regarding nuclear energy with the change of nuclear information by the media. Atomic Energy Society of Japan. 40(7), 563-571. https://doi.org/10.3327/jaesj.40.563
- Shimbun Tsushin Chosakai. (2012). Dai 4kai Media ni kansuru zenkoku yoron chousa 2011[The 4th nationwide survey on media in Japan, 2011.] Retrieved from http://www.chosakai.gr.jp/notification/pdf/report4.pdf
- Siegrist, M., & Visschers, V. H. M. (2013). Acceptance of nuclear power: The Fukushima effect. Energy Policy, 59, 112-119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2012.07.051
- Siegrist, M., Sutterlin, B., & Keller, C. (2014). Why have people changed their attitudes toward nuclear power after the accident in Fukushima? Energy Policy, 69, 356-363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2014.02.026
- Slovic, P. (1987). Perception of risk. Science, 236(4799), 280-285. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.3563507
- Stoutenborough, J.W., Sturgessb, S.G., & Vedlitz, A. (2013). Knowledge, risk, and policy support: Public perceptions of nuclear power. Energy Policy, 62, 176-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2013.06.098
- Takagi, T. (2015). Genpatsu jiko nitaisuru Iwaki shimin no ishiki kouzou (1): chousa kekka no gaiyou [Consciousness structure of Iwaki citizens for Nuclear Accidents (1) Summary of survey research for Iwaki citizen]. The research bulletin of Iwaki Meisei University the College of Humanities. Humanities and social sciences. 28, 65-80.
- Tanigaki, T., Tsuchida, S., Tsujikawa, N., & Nagaoka, Y. (2009). Gensiryoku hatsuden eno shoki taido niyotte enerugii busoku jouhou no okurite nitaisuru shinrai ni oyobosu eikyou: risuku komyunikeshon no jikken kenkyu [The effects energy shortage information has on provider trust due to the primary attitude towards nuclear power: An experimental study on risk communication]. Japanese Journal of Risk Analysis, 19(2), 57-68.
- Tsuji, S., & Kanda, R. (2008). Nihonjin no gensiryoku houshasen kan nikansuru chousa kenkyu [The questionnaire survey regarding the image of "Radiation" among Japanese Public]. Japanese Journal of Risk Analysis, 18(2), 33-45.
- Visschers, V. H.M., & Wallquist, L. (2013). Nuclear power before and after Fukushima: The relations between acceptance, ambivalence and knowledge. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 36, 77-86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2013.07.007