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Paint booth volatile organic compounds emissions in an urban auto-repair center

  • Cho, Minkyu ;
  • Kim, Ki-Hyun ;
  • Szulejko, Jan E. ;
  • Dutta, Tanushree ;
  • Jo, Sang-Hee ;
  • Lee, Min-Hee ;
  • Lee, Sang-hun
  • Received : 2017.08.28
  • Accepted : 2017.12.05
  • Published : 2017.12.25

Abstract

A major concern regarding most auto-repair shops in residential areas is the emission of odorous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the local atmosphere, especially during painting operations. VOCs contribute to poor local air quality and are responsible for the perceived odor and discomfort experienced by local residents. Sixteen major VOCs (6 aromatic hydrocarbons and 10 aliphatic carbonyl compounds) were selected as potential target compounds. The site was an auto-repair shop located in a central region of Seoul, South Korea, where the air quality of the site has been a subject of residents' complaints. The sampling points were as follows: 1) in the painting booth with new (NB) or old (OB) removal system, (2) in the exhaust duct after new (ND) or old (OD) odor removal filter, and (3) 2 m below the discharge vent (4 m above the ground) (outdoor air, OA). Each sample was coded: (1) before painting (BP), (2) during painting (DP), and (3) after painting (AP). The toluene level in the duct with the new removal filter during painting (ND-DP) was 1.5 ppm (v/v), while it was 3.8 ppm (v/v) in the right duct with an old removal filter during painting (OD-DP). Accordingly, the effect of filter replacement was reflected by differences in VOC levels. Therefore, accurate monitoring of odorous VOCs is an important step to reduce odor nuisance from local sources.

Keywords

VOCs;Toluene;auto-painting operation;indoor air pollution;and painting

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Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF)