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Control and Analysis of Vienna Rectifier Used as the Generator-Side Converter of PMSG-based Wind Power Generation Systems

  • Zhao, Hongyan (School of Electrical Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University) ;
  • Zheng, Trillion Q. (School of Electrical Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University) ;
  • Li, Yan (School of Electrical Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University) ;
  • Du, Jifei (School of Electrical Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University) ;
  • Shi, Pu (School of Electrical Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University)
  • Received : 2016.08.08
  • Accepted : 2016.09.20
  • Published : 2017.01.20

Abstract

Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Generators (PMSGs) are used widely in Wind Power Generation Systems (WPGSs), and the Vienna rectifier was recently proposed to be used as the generator-side converter to rectify the AC output voltage in PMSG-based WPGS. Compared to conventional six-switch two-level PWM (2L-PWM) converters, the Vienna rectifier has several advantages, such as higher efficiency, improved total harmonic distortion, etc. The motivation behind this paper is to verify the performance of direct-driven PMSG wind turbine system based-Vienna rectifier by using a simulated direct-driven PMSG WPGS. In addition, for the purpose of reducing the reactive power loss of PMSGs, this paper proposes an induced voltage sensing scheme which can make the stator current maintain accurate synchronization with the induced voltage. Meanwhile, considering the Neutral-Point Voltage (NPV) variation in the DC-side of the Vienna rectifier, a NPV balancing control strategy is added to the control system. In addition, both the effectiveness of the proposed method and the performance of the direct-driven PMSG based-Vienna rectifier are verified by simulation and experimental results.

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