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The Effects of Mothers'and Children's Emotional Instability on Children's Attributional Style: Perceived Mediating Effect of Affectionate-Rational Parenting

어머니와 아동의 정서적 불안정성이 아동의 귀인양식에 미치는 영향: 아동이 지각한 어머니의 애정·합리적 양육행동의 매개효과

  • 한아름 (이화여자대학교 아동학과) ;
  • 한세영 (이화여자대학교 아동학과)
  • Received : 2017.10.15
  • Accepted : 2017.11.30
  • Published : 2017.12.31

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the direct and indirect effects of mothers' and children's emotional instability and maternal affectionate-rational parenting on children's attributional style. Methods: The participants of this study were 253 4th, 5th and 6th grade elementary school students and their mothers in Seoul and Incheon. Data were analyzed by path analysis using AMOS 21.0. Results: The results were as follows: First, children's attributional style for negative and positive events was significantly related to children's emotional instability and maternal affectionate-rational parenting. Also, mothers' and children's emotional instability was significantly associated with affectionate-rational parenting. Second, mothers' emotional instability had indirect effects on children's attributional style for negative and positive events through maternal affectionate-rational parenting. Finally, children's emotional instability had not only significant effects on children's attributional style for positive achievement events, but also indirect effects on children's attributional style for negative and positive events through maternal affectionate-rational parenting. Conclusion/Implications: The results of this study suggest that both environmental and individual factors, including mothers'and children's emotional instability and maternal affectionate-rational parenting, need to be considered to explain children's attributional style. Also, these findings have implications for developing intervention programs for children's attributional style and parental education.

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