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Effect of Aging Process and Time on Physicochemical and Sensory Evaluation of Raw Beef Top Round and Shank Muscles Using an Electronic Tongue

  • Kim, Ji-Han (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology of Animal Resources, Konkuk University) ;
  • Kim, Dong-Han (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology of Animal Resources, Konkuk University) ;
  • Ji, Da-som (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology of Animal Resources, Konkuk University) ;
  • Lee, Hyun-Jin (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology of Animal Resources, Konkuk University) ;
  • Yoon, Dong-Kyu (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology of Animal Resources, Konkuk University) ;
  • Lee, Chi-Ho (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology of Animal Resources, Konkuk University)
  • Received : 2017.08.25
  • Accepted : 2017.10.18
  • Published : 2017.12.31

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the effect of aging method (dry or wet) and time (20 d or 40 d) on physical, chemical, and sensory properties of two different muscles (top round and shank) from steers (n=12) using an electronic tongue (ET). Moisture content was not affected by muscle types and aging method (p>0.05). Shear force of dry aged beef was significantly decreased compared to that of wet aged beef. Most fatty acids of dry aged beef were significantly lower than those of wet aged beef. Dry aged shank muscles had more abundant free amino acids than top round muscles. Dry-aging process enhanced tastes such as umami and saltiness compared to wet-aging process according to ET results. Dry-aging process could enhance the instrumental tenderness and umami taste of beef. In addition, the taste of shank muscle was more affected by dry-aging process than that of round muscle.

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