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Predictors for Standard Precautions Compliance in Healthcare-Associated Infection Control among Nursing students

간호대학생의 감염관리 표준주의 수행에 영향을 미치는 요인

  • 김명숙 (조선대학교 일반대학원 간호학과) ;
  • 김진선 (조선대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2017.09.13
  • Accepted : 2017.11.21
  • Published : 2017.12.28

Abstract

The purposes of this study were to investigate knowledge, attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavior control, behavioral intention, and compliance of standard precautions (SPs) in healthcare-associated infection (HAI) control among nursing students and to identify influencing factors for SPs compliance in HAI control. A descriptive correlation study was conducted. Participants were 223 nursing students recruited from three universities in a metropolitan city. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires. On average, 87.0% of the knowledge questions were answered correctly. The mean SPs compliance score was 4.30 out of 5. There was no significant correlation between SPs knowledge and compliance. There were statistically significant correlation between SPs compliance and attitude, subjective norms, perceived behavior control and behavior intention. Perceived behavior control and behavior intention were significant predictors for SPs compliance among nursing students and these two variables explained 21.9% variance of SPs compliance among nursing students. Although, nursing students' SPs knowledge and compliance were acceptable level, their perceived behavior control was relatively low. SPs compliance among nursing students can be enhanced by increasing their behavior intention and perceived behavioral control. Education program for SPs in HAI control for nursing students which is designed with appropriated educational strategies is need to be developed and evaluated to enhance their capacity to deal effective and safe clinical practice.

Keywords

Healthcare-associated Infection;Nursing Students;Standard Precautions;Knowledge;Compliance

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