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임상가가 알아두면 유용한 LED 광중합기의 특성과 세대별 분류

Characteristic of LED light curing unit and classification by generation for clinicians

  • 심영보 (부산대학교 치의학전문대학원 치과보존학교실) ;
  • 최안나 (부산대학교 치의학전문대학원 치과보존학교실) ;
  • 박정길 (부산대학교 치의학전문대학원 치과보존학교실)
  • Shim, Young-Bo (Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University) ;
  • Choi, An-Na (Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University) ;
  • Park, Jeong-Kil (Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University)
  • 투고 : 2017.07.17
  • 심사 : 2017.10.24
  • 발행 : 2017.12.30

초록

1960년대 광중합 레진이 소개된 이후 현재의 수복학에서 광중합은 중요한 과정으로 고려되고 있다. 광중합을 위한 다양한 중합기들이 소개되어서 발전하면서 사용되어져 왔다. Quartz-tungsten-halogen (QTH) 광중합기는 1990년도까지 널리 사용되었으며 2000년 들어 LED 광중합기가 널리 사용되고 있다. 1세대 LED 광중합기는 여러 개의 LED가 출력을 내는 광중합기로 QTH 광중합기에 비해 높은 출력을 내짐 못했다. 2세대 LED 광중합기는 하나의 LED로도 충분한 출력을 낼 수 있게 되었으며, camphoroquinone (CQ) 이외에 부가 중합개시제를 고려하여 3세대 polywave 중합기가 시장에 출시되었다. 현재는 LED에서 방출하는 빛이 계속 switching되는 4세대 광중합기가 개발되어 출시되었다. 이러한 LED 광중합기의 발전에 따라 사용하는 광중합기의 대부분이 LED 광중합기로 자리잡고 있다. LED 광중합기의 사용의 증가에 따라 임상가들은 광중합기의 특성을 이해하고 있어야 한다. 본 리뷰 논문의 목적은 LED 광중합기에 대한 세대별 분류와 특징에 대한 정보를 주기 위함이다.

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