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Mycelial and cultural characteristics of a new high-yield Pleurotus pulmonarius cultivar 'Santari' for bottle culture

다수성 병재배용 산느타리 신품종 '산타리'의 균사배양 및 생육특성

  • Choi, Jong In (Mushroom Research Institute, Gyeonggi Province ARES) ;
  • Lee, Yun Hae (Mushroom Research Institute, Gyeonggi Province ARES) ;
  • Jeon, Dae Hoon (Mushroom Research Institute, Gyeonggi Province ARES) ;
  • Gwon, Hee Min (Mushroom Research Institute, Gyeonggi Province ARES) ;
  • Chi, Jeong Hyun (Mushroom Research Institute, Gyeonggi Province ARES) ;
  • Shin, Pyung Gyun (Mushroom Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA)
  • 최종인 (경기도농업기술원 버섯연구소) ;
  • 이윤혜 (경기도농업기술원 버섯연구소) ;
  • 전대훈 (경기도농업기술원 버섯연구소) ;
  • 권희민 (경기도농업기술원 버섯연구소) ;
  • 지정현 (경기도농업기술원 버섯연구소) ;
  • 신평균 (국립원예특작과학원 버섯과)
  • Received : 2017.11.06
  • Accepted : 2017.12.19
  • Published : 2017.12.31

Abstract

Oyster mushrooms are one of the most popular edible mushrooms in Korea. The 'Santari' cultivar bred in this study, which belongs to the species Pleurotus pulmonarius, is a new oyster mushroom cultivar for bottle culture. It was bred by mating monokaryons isolated from 'GMPO20404' and 'Hosan'. The optimum temperature for 'Santari' mycelial growth was $26-29^{\circ}C$ on PDA medium, and the temperatures for primordium formation and for growth of the fruit body on sawdust medium were $22^{\circ}C$ and $20^{\circ}C$, respectively. It took 34 days to complete the spawn run, 3 days to form primordia, and 3 days to finish fruit body growth in the bottle culture. The fruit body pilei were round in shape and brownish, whereas the stipes were long, thick, and white. The yield per bottle of 'Santari' was 172 g/1,100 mL, which was 43% higher than that of the reference cultivar ('Hosan'). The springiness, cohesiveness, gumminess, and brittleness of the stipe tissue were 87%, 82%, 193 g, and 16 kg, respectively. These physical property values of 'Santari' were lower than those of the control cultivar, except for the cohesiveness.

Keywords

Bottle culture;High yield;New cultivar;Physical property;Pleurotus pulmonarius;Santari

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