DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Changes of chemical compositions of cereals by Phellinus linteus mycelial cultivation

상황진흙버섯 균사배양 곡물의 성분변화

  • Jin, Seong-Woo (Jangheung Research Institute for Mushroom Industry) ;
  • Im, Seung-Bin (Jangheung Research Institute for Mushroom Industry) ;
  • Kim, Kyung-Je (Jangheung Research Institute for Mushroom Industry) ;
  • Yun, Kyeong-Won (Department of Oriental Medicine Resources, Sunchon Nat'l University) ;
  • Jeong, Sang-Wook (Jangheung Research Institute for Mushroom Industry) ;
  • Koh, Young-Woo (Jangheung Research Institute for Mushroom Industry) ;
  • Je, Hae-Shin (Jangheung Research Institute for Mushroom Industry) ;
  • Cho, In-Kyung (Department of Food and Nutrition, Nambu University) ;
  • Jang, Ji Yeon (Korea Institute of Industrial Technology) ;
  • Seo, Kyoung-Sun (Jangheung Research Institute for Mushroom Industry)
  • 진성우 ((재)장흥군버섯산업연구원) ;
  • 임승빈 ((재)장흥군버섯산업연구원) ;
  • 김경제 ((재)장흥군버섯산업연구원) ;
  • 윤경원 (순천대학교 한약자원개발학과) ;
  • 정상욱 ((재)장흥군버섯산업연구원) ;
  • 고영우 ((재)장흥군버섯산업연구원) ;
  • 제해신 ((재)장흥군버섯산업연구원) ;
  • 조인경 (남부대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 장지연 (한국생산기술연구원) ;
  • 서경순 ((재)장흥군버섯산업연구원)
  • Received : 2017.09.04
  • Accepted : 2017.11.10
  • Published : 2017.12.31

Abstract

This study was carried out to investigate the physicochemical characteristics of cultivated cereals by Phellinus linteus mycelium. Also, we investigated the content of free sugar, organic acid, free amino acid, mineral and fatty acid of cultivated cereals by P. linteus mycelium. The major free sugars were determined the glucose, maltose, and fucose by HPLC. The content of total free sugars was the highest in cultivated red rice by P. linteus mycelium at $36^{\circ}C$. The content of fucose was the highest in cultivated red rice by P. linteus mycelium at all cultivation temperatures. The organic acids were identified oxalic acid, malic acid, citric acid, and succinic acid, as in the case of free sugar, higher contents of organic acids were observed in the cultivated cereals by P. linteus mycelium than control. There was no significant difference in the mineral content between the control and cultivated cereals by P. linteus mycelium. Sixteen kind of free amino acid were detected in cultivated cereals by P. linteus mycelium. And the content of total free amino acids were higher in the cultivated cereals by P. linteus mycelium than the control. And essential amino acids showed significantly differences between control and cultivated cereals by P. linteus mycelium. Fatty acids were detected with seven kinds of fatty acids, and the major fatty acid was determined the linoleic acid by GC-MS. The content of linoleic acid was higher in the cultivated cereals by P. linteus mycelium than the control.

Keywords

Amino acids;fatty acids;Free sugars;minerals;Organic acids;Phellinus linteus

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국산업기술진흥원

References

  1. Lee TS, 1990. The full list of recoded mushroom in Korea. Kor J Mycol. 18:233-259.
  2. Han SB, Lee CW, Kang JS, Yoon YD, Lee KH, Lee K, Park SK, Kim HM. 2006. Acidic polysaccharide from Phellinus linteus inhibits melanoma cell metastasis by blocking cekk adhesion and invasion. Int Immunopharmacol, 6:697-702 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2005.10.003
  3. Fujii T, Maeda H, Suzuki F, Ishida N. 1978. Isolation and characterization of a new antitumor polysaccharide, KS-2, extracted from culture mycelia of Lentinus edodes. J Antiniot. 31:1079-1090. https://doi.org/10.7164/antibiotics.31.1079
  4. Suzuki S and Ohshima S. 1976. Influence of shiitake (Lentinus edodes) on human serum cholesterol. Mushroom Sci. 9:463-647.
  5. Hikino H, Konno C, Mirin Y, Hayashi T. 1985. Isolation and hypoglycemic activity of ganoderans A and B, glycans of Ganoderma lucidum fruit bodies1. Plant Med. 51:339-340. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-969507
  6. Cho EJ, Hwang HJ, Kim SW, Oh JY, Baek YM, Choi JW, Bae SH, Yun JW, 2007. Hypoglycemic effects of exopolysaccharides produced by mycelial cultures of two different mushrooms Tremella fuciformis and Phellinus baumii in ob/ob mice. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 75:1257-1265. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-007-0972-2
  7. Choi JH, Ha TH, Rho YD, 1996. Studied on the main factors affecting the mycelial growth of Phellinus linteus. Kor J Mycol. 24:214-222.
  8. Kim HM, Lee DH. 2010. Characterization of anti-inflammation effect of aqueous extracts from Phellinus baumii. Kor J Mycol. 38:179-183. https://doi.org/10.4489/KJM.2010.38.2.179
  9. Kim DH, Han SB, Oh GT, Kim YH, Hong DH, Hong ND, Yoo ID. 1996. Stimulation of humoral and cell mediated immunity by polysaccharide from mushroom Phellinus linteus. Int J Immunophamacol. 18:295-303. https://doi.org/10.1016/0192-0561(96)00028-8
  10. Lee KH, Kwon HJ, Chun SS, Kim JH, Cho YJ, Cha WS. 2006. Biological activities if extracts from Phellinus linteus. J. Korean Soc Appl Biol Chem. 49:298-303.
  11. Choi HD, Seog HM, Park YK, Park YD, Kim JA, 2007 Hypoglycemic effects of Basidiomycetes mycelia and cereals fermented with Basidiomycetes. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr. 36:1257-1262. https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2007.36.10.1257
  12. Lee H, Kim YS, Kim DY, Kim SY, Lee WK, Lee SM, Park JD, Shon MY. 2015. A study on manufacturing of red ginseng Makgeolli using the red ginseng starch and changes of physicochemical components of red ginseng Makgeolli during storage periods. Korean J Food Preserv. 22:369-376 https://doi.org/10.11002/kjfp.2015.22.3.369
  13. Nicolsi RJ, Rogers EJ, Ausman LM, Orthefer FT. 1993. Rice bran oil and its health benefits. In: Rice Science and Technology. Boca Raton, FL, USA pp. 421-437.
  14. Capro PA, Reaven G, Olefsky J. 1977. Postgrandial plasmaglucose and insulin responses to different complex carbohydrate. Diabetes. 26:1178-1183. https://doi.org/10.2337/diab.26.12.1178
  15. Rhee CO. Song, Lee YS. 2000. Volatile flavor components in cooking black rice. Korea J Food Sci Technol. 32:1015-1021.
  16. Koh HJ, Won YJ, Cha GW, Heu MH. 1996. Amino acids, vitamins and mineral contents of some colored rices. Annual Report of Agriculture and Life Science, p.88-89.
  17. Lee JT, Jeong YS, An BJ. 2002. Physiological activity of Salicornia herbacea and its application for cosmetic materials. Kor J Herbology. 17:51-60.