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Biological control of mushroom mites using predatory mite Stratiolaelaps scimitus in button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) cultivation

양송이에서 포식성 스키미투스응애 (Stratiolaelaps scimitus)를 이용한 버섯응애류의 생물적 방제 효과

  • Yoon, Jungbeom (Horticultural and herbal crop environment division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Hyeonghwan (Horticultural and herbal crop environment division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Kim, Donghwan (Horticultural and herbal crop environment division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Yang, Changyeol (Horticultural and herbal crop environment division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA) ;
  • Seo, Mihye (Horticultural and herbal crop environment division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA)
  • 윤정범 (국립원예특작과학원 원예특작환경과) ;
  • 김동환 (국립원예특작과학원 원예특작환경과) ;
  • 양창열 (국립원예특작과학원 원예특작환경과) ;
  • 서미혜 (국립원예특작과학원 원예특작환경과) ;
  • 김형환 (국립원예특작과학원 원예특작환경과)
  • Received : 2017.11.30
  • Accepted : 2017.12.21
  • Published : 2017.12.31

Abstract

Mushroom mites have recently caused severe damage to sawdust beds, mushroom mycelia, and fruiting bodies; therefore, they have reduced the production of the button mushroom, Agaricus bisporus, in greenhouses. There are currently no registered pesticides for mushroom mites. It is necessary to selectively control mushroom flies and mites without affecting the growth of the mushroom. We examined biological control of mushroom mites using predatory mite Stratiolaelaps scimitus in button mushroom cultivation. As a result, a three times treatment (1 treatment after water cleaning, 1 treatment after fungus inoculation, and 1 treatment before or after casing) was most effective at controlling mushroom mites, with 3.000 predatory mites (3 bottles) scattered evenly over $165-230m^2$ every 1-2 m. Predatory mite Stratiolaelaps scimitus could control mushroom flies and mites at the same time and could be used at any time during cultivation.

Keywords

Agaricus bisporus;Biological control;Mushroom mite;Stratiolaelaps scimitus

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농촌진흥청

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