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Study on ICT convergence in Lentinula edodes (Shiitake) cultivation system using Automated container

컨테이너형 수출용 버섯식물공장시스템설계 및 표고버섯 생산 연구

  • 조우식 (경상북도농업기술원 농업환경연구과) ;
  • 이성학 (경상북도농업기술원 농업환경연구과) ;
  • 박우람 (경상북도농업기술원 농업환경연구과) ;
  • 신승호 (경상북도농업기술원 농업환경연구과) ;
  • 박창민 ((주)카스트엔지니어링) ;
  • 오지현 ((주)카스트엔지니어링) ;
  • 박후원 ((주)카스트엔지니어링)
  • Received : 2017.11.23
  • Accepted : 2017.12.08
  • Published : 2017.12.31

Abstract

In the 21st century, information and communication technology (ICT) worldwide presents a new vision for agriculture. Time and place, as well as the high-tech industry, to overcome barriers to the fusion of the so-called "smart agriculture," are changing the agricultural landscape. Core container production in precision agriculture for mushroom cultivation, optimal temperature, humidity, irradiation, self-regulation of factors such as carbon dioxide, and environment for mushroom cultivation were adopted. Lentinula edodes (shiitake) is an edible mushroom native to East Asia, cultivated and consumed in many Asian countries. It is considered to be medicinal in certain practices of traditional medicine. We used different controlled light sources (Blue-Red-White-combined LED, blue LED, red LED, and fluorescent light) with different LED radiation intensities (1.5, 10.5, and $20.5{\mu}mol/m^2s$ for LEDs) to compare growth and development. Mushrooms were treated with light in a 12-hour-on/12-hour-off cycle, and maintained in a controlled room at $19{\sim}21^{\circ}C$, with 80~90% humidity, and an atmospheric $CO_2$ concentration of 1,000 ppm for 30 days. Growth and development differed with the LED source color and LED radiation intensity. Growth and development were the highest at $10.5{\mu}mol/m^2s$ of blue LED light. After harvesting the fruit bodies, we measured their weight and length, thickness of pileus and stipe, chromaticity, and hardness. The $10.5{\mu}mol/m^2s$ blue-LED-irradiated group showed the best harvest results with an average individual weight of 39.82 g and length of 64.03 mm, pileus thickness of 30.85 mm and pileus length of 43.22 mm, and stipe thickness of 16.96 mm with fine chromaticity and hardness. These results showed that blue LED light at $10.5{\mu}mol/m^2s$ s exerted the best effect on the growth and development of L. edodes (shiitake) mushroom in the ICT-system container-type environment.

Keywords

Culture;ICT;Lentinula edodes;Mushroom

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농림수산식품기술기획평가원

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