A Novel Procedure for Protection Setting in an HVDC System Based on Fault Quantities

  • Gao, Benfeng (Dept. of Electrical Engineering, North China Electric Power University) ;
  • Zhang, Ruixue (Dept. of Electrical Engineering, North China Electric Power University) ;
  • Zhang, Xuewei (Dept. of Electrical Engineering, North China Electric Power University)
  • Received : 2016.03.19
  • Accepted : 2016.11.22
  • Published : 2017.03.01


HVDC protection setting is difficult to be calculated analytically because of its strong nonlinearity. The currently used setting method is based on the empirical setting of previous projects and then verified by digital simulation. It entails a huge workload and low efficiency. To facilitate protection setting, this paper systematically summarizes the HVDC protection characteristics and then presents a classification of HVDC protections according to the protection principles. On the basis of the fault quantities, a novel setting procedure suitable for travelling wave protection, derivative and level protection, and differential protection is proposed. The proposed procedure is illustrated and verified in detail with the example of travelling wave protection. An HVDC protection setting system that has the functions of automatic protection setting and data management is developed utilizing the C# programming language.


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