Effect of Acupuncture Combined with Wooden Neck Pillow Self-exercise Program on Cervical Curvature Measurement Methods and Deep Flexor Muscle Strength

경침 자가 운동 프로그램을 병행한 침 치료가 경추 만곡도와 심부 굴곡근 근력 변화에 미치는 영향

  • Kwon, Jeonggook (Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Dongguk University) ;
  • Keum, Dongho (Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Dongguk University)
  • 권정국 (동국대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실) ;
  • 금동호 (동국대학교 한의과대학 한방재활의학과교실)
  • Received : 2016.12.24
  • Accepted : 2017.01.05
  • Published : 2017.01.31


Objectives This study was designed to identify the effect of acupuncture combined with wooden neck pillow self-exercise program (WSP). Methods 25 eligible subjects with chronic neck pain were recruited from September 2015 to August 2016. Subjects were treated by acupuncture twice a week for 4 weeks, also were educated WSP and exercised every day for 4 weeks. They were assessed using PI-NRS, NDI and the maximum muscle strength of deep cervical flexor muscles (DCF) before and after treatment. Also the Cobb's angle (C1-C7), Ishihara index, Park method were assessed for evaluating the radiographical changes. Variables were compared using paired t-test. And correlates analysis was used for analyzing relationship between differentials in the maximum muscle strength of DCF and differentials in cervical spine curvature measurement methods. Results Among the 25 subjects, 4 subjects were lost to follow-up or excluded in accordance with the criteria. Significant differences on NRS, NDI and the maximum muscle strength of DCF were seen after treatment (p<0.001). In radiological finding, cervical spine curvature measurement methods were significantly increased (p<0.001, p<0.05, p<0.05). Differentials in the maximum muscle strength of DCF significantly correlates to differentials in Ishihara index (R=0.479, p<0.05). Conclusions Acupuncture combined with WSP may decrease neck pain intensity and associated disability, and also increase the muscle strength of DCF and cervical lordosis, in patients with chronic neck pain. Especially, Improving the muscle strength of DCF has a relationship with improving Ishihara index. However, due to the design of this study, this treatment can not be compared with other treatments. Future randomized project should be needed.


Chronic neck pain;Wooden neck pillow;Deep cervical flexor muscle;Cervical lordosis;Ishihara index


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