Characterization of Fermented Mulberry Leaf Using Bacillus subtilis

Bacillus subtilis를 이용한 뽕잎 발효 특성

  • Received : 2016.09.21
  • Accepted : 2016.11.10
  • Published : 2017.01.31


This study was performed to evaluate the characterization of fermented mulberry leaf using Bacillus subtilis by focusing on protein degradation and antioxidant activity. The crude protein and total amino acid compositions of mulberry leaf were 21.40% (w/w) and 105.06 mg/g, respectively. The pH level decreased sharply in mulberry leaf extracts fermented using B. subtilis, in accordance with an increase in bacteria cell populations (9.49 log CFU/mL) during 36 h of fermentation. The protease activity of mulberry leaf increased to 97.45 units/mL after 5 days of fermentation. After fermentation, free amino acid contents in fermented mulberry leaf increased from $486.91{\mu}g/g$ to $644.35{\mu}g/g$ due to considerable elevation of isoleucine (6-fold), alanine (4.67-fold), leucine (4.52-fold), and valine (4.21-fold). The DPPH radical scavenging activity of fermented mulberry leaf also increased from 25.93% to 73.22% after 5 days of fermentation. These results suggest that mulberry leaf fermentation using B. subtilis can improve nutritional quality and antioxidant activity.


Supported by : 중소기업청


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