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Interdecadal Change of Summer Rainfall in the Region of Korea and Northern China

한국-중국 북부지역에서 여름 강수량의 십년간 변동

  • Choi, Jae-Won (Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences) ;
  • Cha, Yumi (National Institute of Meteorological Research) ;
  • Kim, Jeoung-Yun (National Institute of Meteorological Research) ;
  • Lu, Riyu (Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences)
  • Received : 2016.11.22
  • Accepted : 2017.02.15
  • Published : 2017.02.28

Abstract

This study analyzed the obvious increasing tendency of summer (June to August) rainfall in the region of Korea- and northern China ($35^{\circ}-40^{\circ}N$, $110^{\circ}-130^{\circ}E$) in the late 1990s. In order to investigate the causes of the increase in summer rainfall since 1998, we analyzed the difference of the rainfall average between 1998-2012 and 1981-1997. The analysis of the 850 hPa stream flows showed that the huge anomalous anticyclonic circulations were developed in North Pacific and eastern Australia. In both hemispheres, the anomalous easterlies (anomalous trade winds) were strengthened from the equatorial central Pacific to the tropical western Pacific by the anomalous circulations, which was an anomalous circulation pattern shown in La $Ni{\tilde{n}}a$ years. As for the 200 hPa stream flows, the huge anomalous cyclonic circulations were also developed in both South Pacific and North Pacific. These two anomalous circulations reinforced the anomalous westerlies in the equatorial central and western Pacific, leading to the increase in summer rainfall in the region of Korea- and northern China since the late 1990s in association with La $Ni{\tilde{n}}a$ pattern, which was resulted in strengthening the Walker circulation. Recently in East Asia, the local Hadley circulation has been strengthened in which upward flows in the equatorial western Pacific and mid-latitude region of East Asia have descended in the subtropical western Pacific.

이 연구는 한국-중국 북부 지역($35^{\circ}-40^{\circ}N$, $110^{\circ}-130^{\circ}E$)에서 영역평균 된 여름(6-8월) 강수량의 증가경향이 1990년대 후반에 뚜렷하게 나타났음을 분석하였다. 따라서 한국-중국 북부지역에서 1998년 이후에 여름 강수량이 증가한 원인을 알아보기 위해 1998-2012년 평균과 1981-1997년 평균 사이에 종관환경에 대한 차를 분석하였다. 850 hPa 유선분석에서는 북태평양 지역과 호주 동쪽지역에서 거대한 고기압성 순환 아노말리가 강화되었다. 양반구에서 이러한 순환 아노말리에 의해 적도 중태평양으로부터 열대 서태평양에 편동풍 아노말리(무역풍 아노말리)가 강화되었다. 이는 라니냐 해에 나타나는 순환 패턴의 아노말리였다. 200 hPa 유선에서는 남 북태평양 모두에서 거대한 저기압성 순환 아노말리가 역시 강화되었다. 이러한 두 순환 아노말리에 의해 적도 중태평양 및 서태평양에서는 서풍의 아노말리가 강화되었다. 이는 1990년대 후반 이후 한국-중국 북부 지역에서 여름 강수량의 증가가 라니냐 패턴과 연관되었으며, 이 결과는 결국 워커 순환의 강화로 이어졌다. 또한 최근 동아시아 지역에서는 적도 서태평양과 동아시아 중위도 지역에서 상승한 기류가 아열대 서태평양지역에서 하강하는 지역 해들리 순환이 강화되었다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Grant : 예보기술 지원 및 활용 연구

Supported by : 국립기상과학원

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