DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Comparison of Antioxidant Activities and Quality Characteristics between Domestic Diploid Variety and Tetraploid 'Etteum' Variety in Platycodon grandiflorum

재래종과 '으뜸' 도라지의 품질 특성 및 항산화성 비교

  • Kang, Da Kyung (Department of Food & Nutrition, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Eun Ji (Department of Food & Nutrition, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Park, Ye Ji (Department of Food & Nutrition, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Tae Jung (Department of Food & Nutrition, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Kim, Mee Ree (Department of Food & Nutrition, Chungnam National University)
  • 강다경 (충남대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김은지 (충남대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 박예지 (충남대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김태정 (충남대학교 식품영양학과) ;
  • 김미리 (충남대학교 식품영양학과)
  • Received : 2016.11.07
  • Accepted : 2016.12.29
  • Published : 2017.02.28

Abstract

In this study, antioxidant activities, proximate composition, and physicochemical characteristics of tetraploid 'Etteum' variety in Platycodon grandiflorum (SD) were evaluated and compared with those of a domestic diploid variety in P. grandiflorum (ND). Moisture content, crude fat, crude fiber, and crude ash contents were higher in ND, whereas crude protein and carbohydrate content were higher in SD. The amount of crude saponin in SD (2.01%) was higher than that in ND (0.88%). The reducing sugar contents of ND and SD were 3.09% and 2.82%, respectively (P<0.05). The pH level was lower in the ND (ND, 4.98; SD, 5.68). Acidity was 2.74% in ND and 2.34% in SD. Under the Hunter color system, redness was lower and lightness/yellowness higher in SD compared to those in ND. Total phenol contents of ND and SD were 0.100 mg/mL and 0.227 mg/mL, respectively. Antioxidant activities based on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl scavenging activity and SOD-like activity of SD were higher than those in ND. Based on these results, SD is a good candidate for food processing in terms of its physicochemical and antioxidative activities.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 농림수산식품기술기획평가원

References

  1. Lim KH. 1971. A medicinal phytology (the details). Dongmyoungsa, Seoul, Korea. p 281.
  2. Sung NJ, Seo JK. 1998. Medical action of perennial Platycodon radix. Proceeding of Institute Agriculture Research Utility Symposium for 50th Anniversary of Gyeongsang National University. Jinju, Korea. p 35-47.
  3. Kim HK, Choi JS, Yoo DS, Choi YH, Yon GH, Hong KS, Lee BH, Kim HJ, Kim EJ, Park BK, Jeong YC, Kim YS, Ryu SY. 2007. HPLC analysis of saponins in Platycodi Radix. Kor J Pharmacogn 38: 192-196.
  4. Joe TD. 2011. Encyclopedia of Korean herbs. Daewonsa, Seoul, Korea. p 97-98.
  5. Konishi T, Tada A, Shoji J, Kasai R, Tanaka O. 1978. The structures of platycodin A and C, monoacetylated saponins of the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC.. Chem Pharm Bull 26: 668-670. https://doi.org/10.1248/cpb.26.668
  6. Tada A, Kaneiwa Y, Shoji J, Shibata S. 1975. Studies on the saponins of the root of Platycodon grandiflorum A. De Candolle: I. Isolation and the structure of platycodin-D. Chem Pharm Bull 23: 2965-2972. https://doi.org/10.1248/cpb.23.2965
  7. Lee EB. 1974. Pharmacological studies on "Platycodi Radix". Kor J Pharmacogn 5: 49-56.
  8. Chung JH, Shin PG, Ryu JC, Jang DS, Cho SH. 1997. Chemical compositions of Platycodon grandiflorum (jacquin) A. De Candolle. Agric Chem Biotechnol 40: 148-151.
  9. Shon MY, Seo JK, Kim HJ, Sung NJ. 2001. Chemical compositions and physiological activities of doraji (Platycodon grandiflorum). J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 30: 717-720.
  10. Kim YS, Lee BE, Kim KJ, Lee YT, Cho KB, Chung YC. 1998. Antitumor and immunomodulatory activities of the P. grandiflorum cultivated for more than 20 years. Yakhak Hoeji 42: 382-387.
  11. Oh HG, Kim JH, Shin EH, Kang YR, Lee BG, Park SH, Moon DI, Kwon LS, Kim YP, Choi MH, Kim OJ, Park KH, Lee HY. 2013. Improving effects of Platycodon extracts jelly on $\beta$-amyloid-induced cytotoxicity and scopolamine-induced cognitive impairment animal models. Korean J Plant Res 26: 417-425. https://doi.org/10.7732/kjpr.2013.26.4.417
  12. Seo JK, Chung YC, Chun SS, Lee YY, Lee SJ, Shon MY, Sung NJ. 2004. Effect of physiologically active compounds isolated from Platycodon grandiflorum on streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 33: 981-986. https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2004.33.6.981
  13. Kim KS, Ezaki O, Ikemoto S, Itakura H. 1995. Effects of Platycodon grandiflorum feeding on serum and liver lipid concentrations in rats with diet-induced hyperlipidemia. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol 41: 485-491. https://doi.org/10.3177/jnsv.41.485
  14. Joe SY. 2012. Short-term cultivation of bell-flower roots. Goesan Agricultural Technology & Extension Center, Goesan, Korea. p 4,7.
  15. AOAC. 1990. Official methods of analysis of the association. 13th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA, USA. p 342.
  16. Shibata S, Ando T, Tanaka O, Meguro Y, Soma K, Iida Y. 1965. Saponins and sapogenins of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer and some other Panax spp.. Yakugaku Zasshi 85: 753-755.
  17. The Korea Society of Food Science and Nutrition. 2000. Handbook of experiments in food science and nutrition. Hyoil Publishing Co., Seoul, Korea. p 151-152.
  18. Singleton VL, Rossi JA. 1965. Colorimetry of total phenolics with phosphomolybdic-phosphotungstic acid reagents. Am J Enol Vitic 16: 144-158.
  19. Blois MS. 1958. Antioxidant determinations by the use of stable free radical. Nature 181: 1199-1200. https://doi.org/10.1038/1811199a0
  20. Marklund S, Marklund G. 1974. Involvement of the superoxide anion radical in the autoxidation of pyrogallol and a convenient assay for superoxide dismutase. Eur J Biochem 47: 469-474. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.1974.tb03714.x
  21. Kim HR, Kwon SJ, Roy SK, Cho SW, Kim HH, Moon YJ, Boo HO, Woo SH. 2015. Proteomic responses of diploid and tetraploid roots in Platycodon grandiflorum. Korean J Crop Sci 60: 394-400. https://doi.org/10.7740/kjcs.2015.60.3.394
  22. Kim AY. 2011. Changes of platycoside of Platycodon grandiflorum by puffing. MS Thesis. Kyunghee University, Seoul, Korea. p 11-27.
  23. Jang JR, Hwang SY, Lim SY. 2011. Inhibitory effect of extracts of Platycodon grandiflorum (the ballon flower) on oxidation and nitric oxide production. Korean J Food Preserv 18: 65-71. https://doi.org/10.11002/kjfp.2011.18.1.065
  24. Choi CY, Kim JY, Kim YS, Chung YC, Seo JK, Jeong HG. 2001. Aqueous extract isolated from Platycodon grandiflorum elicits the release of nitric oxide and tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ from murine macrophages. Int Immunopharmacol 1: 1141-1151. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1567-5769(01)00047-9
  25. Zhao HL, Cho KH, Ha YW, Jeong TS, Lee WS, Kim YS. 2006. Cholesterol-lowering effect of platycodin D in hypercholesterolemic ICR mice. Eur J Pharmacol 537: 166-173. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2006.03.032
  26. Kim YS, Kim JS, Choi SU, Kim JS, Lee HS, Roh SH, Jeong YC, Kim YK, Ryu SY. 2005. Isolation of a new saponin and cytotoxic effect of saponins from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum on human tumor cell lines. Planta Med 71: 566-568. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2005-864161
  27. Kim YP, Lee EB, Kim SY, Li D, Ban HS, Lim SS, Shin KH, Ohuchi K. 2001. Inhibition of prostaglandin E2 production by platycodin D isolated from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum. Planta Med 67: 362-364. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2001-14317
  28. Lee H, Kang R, Kim YS, Chung SI, Yoon Y. 2010. Platycodin D inhibits adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells by modulating Kruppel-like factor 2 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ${\gamma}$. Phytother Res 24: S161-S167. https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.3054
  29. Lee KJ, Jeong HG. 2002. Protective effect of Platycodin radix on carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity. Food Chem Toxicol 40: 517-525. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0278-6915(01)00104-1
  30. Lee KJ, You HJ, Park SJ, Kim YS, Chung YC, Jeong TC, Jeong HG. 2001. Hepatoprotective effects of Platycodon grandiflorum on acetaminophen-induced liver damage in mice. Cancer Lett 174: 73-81. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3835(01)00678-4
  31. Kim DB, Shin GH, Gho JH, Baik SO, Lee OH. 2013. Antioxidant activities of beverage concentrates and purees. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 42: 997-1002. https://doi.org/10.3746/jkfn.2013.42.7.997
  32. Jeong CH, Choi SG, Heo HJ. 2008. Analysis of nutritional components and evaluation of functional activities of Sasa borealis leaf tea. Korean J Food Sci Technol 40: 586-592.
  33. Frei B, Higdon JV. 2003. Antioxidant activity of tea polyphenols in vivo: evidence from animal studies. J Nutr 133: 3275S-3284S. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/133.10.3275S
  34. Yu MH, Im HG, Lee HJ, Ji YJ, Lee IS. 2006. Components and their antioxidative activities of methanol extracts from sarcocarp and seed of Zizyphus jujuba var. inermis Rehder. Korean J Food Sci Technol 38: 128-134.
  35. Son CW, Jeon MR, Kim MH, Kim MR. 2008. Quality characteristics and antioxidant activities of green tea garlic paste added calcium. Korean J Food Cook Sci 24: 876-881.
  36. Lee SJ, Bang WS, Hong JY, Kwon OJ, Shin SR, Yoon KY. 2013. Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of black Doraji (Platycodon grandiflorum). Korean J Food Preserv 20: 510-517. https://doi.org/10.11002/kjfp.2013.20.4.510

Cited by

  1. Physicochemical Characteristics and Antioxidant Activities of ‘Etteum’ Doraji Jungkwa Substituted Sucrose with Oligosaccharides vol.33, pp.6, 2017, https://doi.org/10.9724/kfcs.2017.33.6.625
  2. on degranulation and inflammatory mediator release in RBL-2H3 cells vol.51, pp.3, 2018, https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2018.51.3.208