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Analysis of the Characteristics of Social Welfare Funds of Local Governments: Focused on 6 Major Cities

지방자치단체 사회복지기금의 성격분석:6대 도시를 중심으로

  • 성향숙 (부산가톨릭대학교 사회복지상담학과)
  • Received : 2016.10.10
  • Accepted : 2016.11.14
  • Published : 2017.02.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to learn current state of social welfare funds of 6 major cities, and to find better ways to execute those funds as well as to facilitate studies on them. So far, the studies on funds were limited to those on large ones such as pension, yielding scant number of studies on local ones, which could be the practical tools to resolve the problems of the area. To do this, I analyzed the scale of the funds (i.e. the amount of the funds raised, the amount changes in fund execution, and the comparison of the scale between each fund accounts and general accounting) and the characteristics of the fund programs (i.e. the comparison of scales of fund programs of each fund accounts, the content of the programs of each fund accounts, and the characteristics of the budget of each fund accounts). The result shows that 1) the scale of the funds changed accordingly as they were maintained, curtailed and expanded; 2) the scale of the funds were 0.02~1% of that of the general accounting; 3) the fund programs were mostly for decreasing poverty, centered on self support; 4) the social welfare funds and the funds for women were not clearly separated in some local governments, instigating the arguments on the identity of social welfare funds; and 5) the fund programs were run by civil organizations, different from general accounting programs. Based on the findings, to efficiently utilize the social welfare funds, I suggest 1) expansion of the fund scales; 2) diversification of the self-support programs to decrease poverty; 3) specification of the identity of the social welfare funds; and 4) establishment of the public and civil governance.

Keywords

Social Welfare Fund;Local Government;Self Support;General Account

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