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Review of Research Trends on Virtual Reality-Based Intervention for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Intervention Characteristics

자폐 범주성 학생을 위한 가상현실 기반 중재 연구동향 및 중재 특성 고찰

  • 양일 (이화여자대학교 특수교육학과) ;
  • 이숙향 (이화여자대학교 특수교육학과) ;
  • 서민경 (이화여자대학교 특수교육학과)
  • Received : 2016.10.13
  • Accepted : 2016.12.02
  • Published : 2017.02.28

Abstract

The use of virtual reality(VR)-based interventions for students with autism spectrum disorders(ASD) has received special attention as evidence-based practices for its feasiblity, practicality, and appropriateness. However, there is little research to investigate the effects of VR-based intervention for students with ASD in Korea. This study identifies and reviews studies applying VR-based interventions. In total, 13 experimental studies were found that examine the effects of VR interventions published from 1990 to 2016. The selected studies were analyzed by 6 variables including publication year, participants, research design, independent variable, dependent variable, and outcome. The results of this study showed the feasibility of the implementing VR-based interventions in various age group students with ASD. In addition, the utilization of VR techniques was particularly effective in improving a wide range of social communication skills including facial recognition, empathy, joint attention, understanding social context, and resolving issues due to limited cognitive abilities. Several recommendations for the future study on VR-based intervention for students with ASD such as interdisciplinary approach to VR-based interventions, support needs regarding characteristics of ASD, generalization and maintenance of acquired technology, and consideration for participants' cultural background. were discussed.

Keywords

Virtual Reality;Autism Spectrum Disorders;Intervention

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