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An Optimal Random Carrier Pulse Width Modulation Technique Based on a Genetic Algorithm

  • Xu, Jie (National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Vessel Integrated Power Systems, Naval University of Engineering) ;
  • Nie, Zi-Ling (National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Vessel Integrated Power Systems, Naval University of Engineering) ;
  • Zhu, Jun-Jie (National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Vessel Integrated Power Systems, Naval University of Engineering)
  • Received : 2016.07.26
  • Accepted : 2016.12.13
  • Published : 2017.03.20

Abstract

Since the carrier sequence is not reproducible in a period of the random carrier pulse width modulation (RCPWM) and a higher harmonic spectrum amplitude is likely to affect the quality of the power supply. In addition, electromagnetic interference (EMI) and mechanical vibration will appear. To solve these problems, this paper has proposed an optimal RCPWM based on a genetic algorithm (GA). In the optimal modulation, the range of the random carrier frequency is taken as a constraint and the reciprocal of the maximum harmonic spectrum amplitude is used as a fitness function to decrease the EMI and mechanical vibration caused by the harmonics concentrated at the carrier frequency and its multiples. Since the problems of the hardware make it difficult to use in practical engineering, this paper has presented a hardware system. Simulations and experiments show that the RCPWM is effective. Studies show that the harmonic spectrum is distributed more uniformly in the frequency domain and that there is no obvious peak in the wave spectra. The proposed method is of great value to research on RCPWM and integrated power systems (IPS).

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