Dual EKF-Based State and Parameter Estimator for a LiFePO4 Battery Cell

  • Pavkovic, Danijel (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb) ;
  • Krznar, Matija (Peti Brod Ltd.) ;
  • Komljenovic, Ante (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb) ;
  • Hrgetic, Mario (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb) ;
  • Zorc, Davor (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb)
  • Received : 2016.10.01
  • Accepted : 2017.01.03
  • Published : 2017.03.20


This work presents the design of a dual extended Kalman filter (EKF) as a state/parameter estimator suitable for adaptive state-of-charge (SoC) estimation of an automotive lithium-iron-phosphate ($LiFePO_4$) cell. The design of both estimators is based on an experimentally identified, lumped-parameter equivalent battery electrical circuit model. In the proposed estimation scheme, the parameter estimator has been used to adapt the SoC EKF-based estimator, which may be sensitive to nonlinear map errors of battery parameters. A suitable weighting scheme has also been proposed to achieve a smooth transition between the parameter estimator-based adaptation and internal model within the SoC estimator. The effectiveness of the proposed SoC and parameter estimators, as well as the combined dual estimator, has been verified through computer simulations on the developed battery model subject to New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) related operating regimes.


Grant : Optimization of renewable electricity generation systems connected in a microgrid

Supported by : Croatian Science Foundation (HRZZ)


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