Analyzing the Effectiveness of a Best Management Practice on Sediment Yields Using a Spatially Distributed Model

공간분포형 모델을 이용한 최적관리방안의 토사 유출 저감 효과에 관한 연구

  • Lee, Taesoo (Dept. of Geography, Chonnam National University)
  • Received : 2017.02.08
  • Accepted : 2017.02.20
  • Published : 2017.02.28

Abstract

Management of non-point sources for water quality control practice is complicating but very important. Sediments mainly from croplands are prioritized in non-point source management due to the sediment attached phosphorous. In this study, flow and sediment yields are modeled in Oenam watershed located in Hwasun, Jeollanam-do, a upstream of Juam Lake. A spatially distributed model and GIS(Geographic Information System) data was used to find out hot spots of sediment yields, to analyze the effectiveness of filter strips, and to visualize the effectiveness. The impacts of filter strips was estimated on the reduction of flow and sediments at 17.2% and 46.4% respectively when the filter strips were installed in the sub-watersheds with the most serious sediment yields.

유역에서의 수질관리를 수행함에 있어 비점오염원의 관리는 매우 중요하면서 복잡한 경우가 많다. 비점오염원의 관리에서 가장 우선시 되는 것은 토사 유출량의 관리이다. 이는 주로 농경지에서 유출되는 토사와 그에 흡착된 인(phosphorous)을 관리하는 것이다. 이 연구에서는 전라남도 화순군에 위치하고 주암호의 상류에 해당되는 외남천 유역의 유출량과 토사 유출량을 공간분포형 모델을 이용해 모의하였다. 또한 필터스트립의 저감 효과를 분석하기 위해 GIS(Geographic Information System) 데이터를 이용하여 필터스트립을 모의하고 공간분포형 모델의 특성을 이용하여 토사 유출량이 심각한 지역의 공간분포를 파악하고 필터스트립의 저감 효과를 시각적으로 나타내었다. 토사 유출량이 가장 심한 소유역에 필터스트립을 설치한 결과 유출수와 토사 유출량이 각각 17.2%와 46.4%가 감소되는 것으로 예측되었다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 전남대학교

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