The Development and Initial Validation of the Korean Version of Strengths Scale of Individuals with Mental Illness

한국형 강점척도-정신장애인용 개발연구

  • 박정임 (서일대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2017.01.16
  • Accepted : 2017.02.23
  • Published : 2017.03.28


This study was carried out in order to develop and validate the Korean Version of Strengths Scale for individuals with mental illness. The first step taken to develop the scale was to construct sample items for the Strengths Scale using literature research and three focus group interviews of individuals with mental illness. Secondly, two professors of the Social welfare Department of a University and two mental social workers reviewed these sample items to select and compile a final version of the scale. Lastly, the scale's reliability and validity was verified through an empirical study of 478 individuals with mental illness who conduct the survey items. The explanatory factor was that the sample items can be grouped into seven factors. Factor 1 was 'Vocation', Factor 2 was 'Family and Social Support', Factor 3 was 'Optimism', Factor 4 was 'Resources Utilization', Factor 5 was 'Coping Behavior', Factor 6 was 'Leisure', Factor 7 was 'Health'. The Confirmatory analysis showed that the model demonstrated a goodness- of-fit. Finally, the Korean Version of Strengths Scale for individuals with mental illness was developed consisting 40 items and was proposed a mental health social work implications.


Korean Version of Strengths Scale for Individuals with Mental Illness


Supported by : 한국연구재단


  1. 박미은, "정신장애인에 대한 임파워먼트 실천의 필요성과 개입방안에 관한 연구," 재활복지, 제5권, 제1호, pp.32-55, 2001.
  2. 양옥경, 최명민, "사회복지실천모델의 재검토," 한국사회복지학회 학술대회 자료집, pp.111-142, 2007
  3. C. A. Rapp and Richard Goscha, The Strengths Model, Oxford University, 2006
  4. 박정임, 정신장애인을 위한 강점관점 사례관리모델의 효과성에 관한 연구, 서울여자대학교 대학원, 박사학위논문, 2002.
  5. 하경희, 지역사회정신보건서비스를 이용하는 정신장애인이 인식한 임파워먼트 실천의 효과에 관한 연구, 서울대학교, 박사학위논문, 2007.
  6. 하경희, 이경아, 이근희, "사회복귀시설에서의 강점실천에 대한 서비스 이용자의 경험에 관한 연구," 정신보건과 사회사업, 제36권, pp.82-106, 2010.
  7. C. Brun and R. Rapp, "Strengths-Based Case Management: Individual's: Individual's Perspectives on Strengths and the Case Manager Relationship," National Association of Social Workers, Vol.46, No.3, pp.278-288, 2001.
  8. M. Staudt, M. O. Howard, and B. Drake, "The operationalization, implementation and effectiveness of the strengths perspective: A review of empirical studies," Journal of Social Service Research, Vol.27, No.3, pp.1-21, 2001.
  9. 이경아, 하경희, 유명이, "정신장애인 사회복귀시설에서 사회복지사의 강점사정 적용에 관한 실행 연구," 정신보건과 사회사업, 제33권, pp.130-166, 2009.
  10. 이경아, 하경희, "정신보건사회복지사들의 강점기반실천 경험에 관한 연구," 정신보건과 사회사업, Vol.40, No.2, pp.63-90, 2012.
  11. R. Parsons and E. O. Cox, Empowerment-Oriented Social Work with Elderly, Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole, 1994.
  12. Graybeal, Clay, "Strengths-Based Social Work Assessment: Transforming the Dorminent Paradigm," Families in Society, Vol.82, No.3, pp.233-242, 2001.
  13. C. D. Cowger, "Assessing Client Strengths," Social Work, Vol.39, No.3, pp.262-268, 1994.
  14. S. McQuaide and J. H. Ehrenreich, "Assessing Client Strengths," Families in Society," Vol.78, No.2, pp.201-212, 1997.
  15. S. J. Lopez and C. R. Snyder, Positive Psychological Assessment: A Handbook of Models and Measures, Washington: American Psychological Association, 2011.
  16. 권자영, "한국형 실천관계 척도 정신장애인용 개발 연구," 한국사회복지학, Vol.65, No.3, pp.239-263, 2013.
  17. W. E. Kisthardt, "The Opportunities and Challenges of Strengths-Based, Person-Centered Practice: Purpose, Principles and Applications in a climate of Systems's Integration," The Strengths Perspective, pp.171-195, Pearson, 2005.
  18. C. R. Snyder and S. J. Lopez, "Classifications and measures of human strengths and positive outcomes," In C. R. Snyder & Sj, J, Lopez(Eds) Positive psychology, CA: Sage Publications, 2006.
  19. R. K. Lehner, The Role of Strengths in Behavioral Healthcare for Individuals with Severe Mental Illness, NorthWestern University Doctoral Dissertation, 2004.
  20. C. M. Hultman, I. M. Wieselgren, and A. Oehman, "Relationships between social support, social coping and life events in the relapse of schizophrenic patients," Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, Vol.38, pp.3-13, 1997.
  21. S. Boschi, R. E. Adams, E. J. Bromet, J. E. Lavelle, E. Everett, and N. Galambos, "Coping with psychotic symptoms in the early phases of schizophrenia," American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, Vol.70, pp.242-252, 2000.
  22. C. J. Wallace, T. Lecomte, J. Wilde, and R. P. Liberman, "CASIG: A consumer-centered assessment for planning individualized treatment and evaluating program outcomes," Scizophrenia Research, Vol.50, pp.105-119, 2001.
  23. J. Lyons, Adult Needs and Strengths Assessment: an information integration tool for adults with mental health challenges, (manual) Winnetka, IL: Buddin Praed Found. 1999.
  24. C. Nelson and M. Johnson, Adult need and Strengths Assessment-Abbreviated Referral Version to Specify Psychiatric Care Needed for Incoming Patients, Exploratory Analysis, Psychological Reports, Vol.102, pp.131-143, 2008.
  25. V. Bird, M. Leamy, C. Le Boutillier, J. Williams, and M. Slade, REFOCUS: Promoting recovery in community mental health service, London, England: Rethink, 2011.
  26. 신경림, 질적연구방법론, 이대출판부, 2004.
  27. 정우석, 손일권, 과학적 조사방법, 서울: 두양사, 2009.
  28. 송경옥, "한국어판 정신건강회복척도(MHRM-K)의 신뢰도와 타당도 평가," 정신보건과 사회사업, Vol.34, pp.154-188, 2010.
  29. 박부금, 이희경, "강점활용척도의 타당화 연구," 한국심리학회지: 일반, Vol.31, No.3, pp.599-616, 2012.
  30. 정영은, 이지은, 한우, 최정우, 백경희, 박주언, 민정아, 채정호, "한국인 강점척도의 개발 및 타당화," Anxiety and Mood, Vol.9, No.1, pp.45-53, 2013.
  31. 권석만, 정지현, 인간의 강점발견하기, 학지사, 2013.
  32. 김선주, "정신장애인을 위한 프로그램 기획에의 컨셉트 맵핑," 한국콘텐츠학회논문지, Vol.15, No.1, pp.140-151, 2015.
  33. 심경순, "정신장애인의 평생계획수립을 위한 경험," 한국콘텐츠학회논문지, Vol.12, No.6, pp.303-316, 2012.