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Effect of Abalone Hydrolysates Encapsulated by Double Emulsion on the Physicochemical and Sensorial Properties of Fresh Cheese

  • Choi, HeeJeong (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology of Animal Resources, Konkuk University) ;
  • Kim, Soo-Jin (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology of Animal Resources, Konkuk University) ;
  • Lee, Sang-Yoon (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology of Animal Resources, Konkuk University) ;
  • Choi, Mi-Jung (Department of Food Science and Biotechnology of Animal Resources, Konkuk University)
  • Received : 2017.01.15
  • Accepted : 2017.02.17
  • Published : 2017.04.30

Abstract

The intake of dietary salt through food now exceeds current nutritional recommendations and is thought to have negative effects on human health, such as the increasing prevalence of hypertension. This study was performed to investigate whether $W_1/O/W_2$ double emulsions can be used to enhance the saltiness of cheese without increasing the salt content ($W_1$ is distilled water or 1% abalone hydrolysate, and $W_2$ is 1% NaCl or 1% abalone hydrolysate + 1% NaCl solution). We also investigated the effect of adding abalone hydrolysate to the double emulsion as a saltiness enhancer. The cheeses were physico-chemically evaluated to determine curd yield, pH value, moisture content, color, texture, salt release rate, and sensory properties. No significant differences were observed in curd yield, pH value, moisture content, lightness, or redness between the cheeses made with and without the double emulsion. However, in the evaluation of salt release rate, fresh cheese made with double emulsion ($W_1$ = distilled water, $W_2$ = 1% NaCl + 1% abalone hydrolysate) was detected earlier than the control or the other treatments. In the sensory evaluation, fresh cheese made with the double emulsion showed higher scores for saltiness and overall preference than the control or the other treatments. We concluded that abalone hydrolysate encapsulated in a double emulsion ($W_1$ is water and $W_2$ is abalone hydrolysate and NaCl solution) could enhance the saltiness of fresh cheese while maintaining the same salt concentration, without altering its physical properties.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Korea Institute of Planning & Evaluation for Technology in Food, Agriculture Forestry & Fisheries (IPET)

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