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The Effects of Mothers' Psychological Control and Affectionate-Rational Parenting on Children's Attributional Style

아동이 지각한 어머니의 심리적 통제와 애정·합리적 양육태도가 아동의 귀인양식에 미치는 영향

  • 한아름 (이화여자대학교 아동학과) ;
  • 한세영 (이화여자대학교 아동학과)
  • Received : 2016.12.15
  • Accepted : 2017.04.09
  • Published : 2017.04.30

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among perceived mothers'psychological control, affectionate-rational parenting and children's attributional style. The main and interaction effects of psychological control, affectionate-rational parenting on children's attributional style were also explored. Methods: The participants of this study were 253 children from elementary schools located in Seoul and Incheon. Data were analyzed through Pearson's correlation, and hierarchical regression using SPSS 22.0. Results: The major findings of this study were as follows. First, children's attributional style for negative events was positively associated with psychological control but negatively associated with affectionate-rational parenting. Moreover, attributional style for positive events was positively associated with only affectionate-rational parenting. Second, affectionate-rational parenting significantly influenced children's attributional style for both negative events and positive events. Finally, significant interaction effects of psychological control and affectionate-rational parenting on children's attributional style for negative events were observed. Conclusion/Implications: This study revealed that mothers' psychological control and affectionate-rational parenting are important factors in explaining children's attributional style. Such results could be used as an effective resource in developing parent education programs or intervention programs for attributional style.

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