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Macro Analysis on the Supply and Demand of New-coming Directors in the Korean Movie Industry over the Years (1971-2016)

신인 영화감독의 한국영화시장 진출에 대한 거시 분석

  • 김정호 (경희대학교 연극영화학과) ;
  • 김재성 (경희대학교 연극영화학과)
  • Received : 2017.02.15
  • Accepted : 2017.03.13
  • Published : 2017.04.28

Abstract

Over the years(1971 to 1987), only 20 Korean film production companies had been granted the exclusive rights to make Korean films in Korea and to import foreign films with a quota system. They had been making trashy Korean movies to secure import quotas of foreign films. Newcomer's entry of market had also been limited and the growth of Korean films through innovation had been hampered. In the same period, The annual number of Rookie director is 10, the portion of debut films of all Korean films is 10.62%, and the audience portion of debut is only 10.5% of Korean movie audience. From 2004 to 2016, total number of rookie directors is 874, and 61.72% of 1,416 directors who made his debut over the 46 years from 1971 to 2016. This is far more than the number of directors who debuted for the last 32 years. From 2004 to 2016, the annual number of rookie directors is 62.15 and their debut film occupies 39.58% of the total amount of Korean movies released and 32.8% of the audience number. Since the full opening of the domestic market to foreign films industries in 1988, the liberalization of independent film production in 1999, as a result of innovation of a competitive system, the Korean movies have been loved by audiences. However, there are concerns that the decline of the screen quota in 2006, the monopoly of the 4 major distributors, increase in indie movies and Semi-adult movies for VOD, could be the potential threat for future innovation in Korean cinema.

Keywords

Korean Film Industry;Supply and Demand;Movie Director;Rookie;Korean Movie

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