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Effects of an Interpersonal Caring Music Activity Program on Loneliness, Self-esteem, and the Stress Response in Children of Single-parent Families

대인돌봄 음악활동 프로그램이 한 부모 가정 아동의 외로움, 자아존중감, 스트레스 반응에 미치는 효과

  • 김수희 (논산시보건소) ;
  • 이숙 (단국대학교 간호대학 간호학과)
  • Received : 2016.08.09
  • Accepted : 2017.03.17
  • Published : 2017.04.28

Abstract

This study is designed as a non-equivalent controlled before-and-after quasi-experimental study by having a control group for the effect of the interpersonal caring music activity program in children of single-parent families. Data collection was carried out in 22 children of single-parent families as the study group and in 23 children as the control group recruited from 22 community centers for children located in N city from July to September, 2014. As the study tool, the Heart Rate Variability (HRV) was used to measure loneliness, self-esteem scale and the stress response. With the collected data and using SPSS 18.0 for Window program, the Homogeneity test between the study group and the control group was conducted by using t-test and ${\chi}^2$-test while the study hypotheses were verified by analyzing with the independent t-test. The results of the study are as follows. Loneliness and self-esteem of the subjects did not show significant difference in the study groups. The sympathetic nervous system activity (normalized LF) has been lowered and the parasympathetic nervous system activity (normalized HF) has been increased as the stress response, while the sympathetic and the parasympathetic nervous system activity ratio (LF/ HF) score was lowered with significant difference, which had supported the hypotheses. Based on these results of this study, the interpersonal caring music activity program can be utilized as a stress management program for the children of single-parent families during a short period of time.

Keywords

Single Home Children;Loneliness;Self-esteem;Stress Responese;Interpersonal Caring Program with Music Activities

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