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The Development and Validation of a Children's Play Disposition Scale

아동 놀이성향척도 개발 및 타당화 연구

  • 성지현 (성균관대학교 아동.청소년학과) ;
  • 변혜원 (성균관대학교 아동.청소년학과) ;
  • 남지해 (성균관대학교 아동.청소년학과)
  • Received : 2017.01.05
  • Accepted : 2017.03.13
  • Published : 2017.04.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a Children's Play Disposition Scale(CPDS) which could be used to evaluate children's play patterns and preferences. The participants of this study were parents of 437 5-7-year-old children (age range from 51months to 106months). Preliminary items were developed through a review of relevant research, multiple intelligence theory and scales, confirmation of item adequacy and content validity. After the content validity was confirmed by experts, these items were edited down to a final list of 27 items representing 6 factors identified by exploratory factor analysis. The 6 factors of the scale consists of initiative, linguistic activity, logical-mathematical activity, art and craft, physical activity, and sensitivity respectively. Concurrent validity was established by using correlations between each factor of the CPDS and sub-factors and the total scores of Multiple Intelligence Checklist for preschoolers (Multiple Intelligence Institute Co., Ltd, 2008) and Multiple Intelligence Checklist for elementary schoolers (Multiple Intelligence Institute Co., Ltd, 2007). In addition, the reliability of each factor, as measured by Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, ranged from .53 to .79. The CPDS provides the developmental and educational information for strengthening children's developmental forte and for supporting children's developmental weakness. This scale can be used on developing children's play contents and guiding play methods in the future.

Keywords

Children;Play Disposition Scale;Multiple Intelligence Theory

Acknowledgement

Grant : 완구산업활성화를 위한 스마트 Toyweb 서비스기술개발

Supported by : 한국산업기술평가관리원

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