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Degrees of Low Back Pain, Knowledge of and Educational Needs for Low Back Pain in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain

만성 요통 환자의 통증, 지식 및 교육 요구

  • Kim, Seong Kyong (Samsung Medical Center, Department of Orthopedic Surgery) ;
  • Kim, Hee Seung (College of Nursing, The Catholic University of Korea) ;
  • Chung, Sung Soo (Samsung Medical Center, Department of Orthopedic Surgery)
  • 김성경 (삼성서울병원 정형외과) ;
  • 김희승 (가톨릭대학교 간호대학) ;
  • 정성수 (삼성서울병원 정형외과)
  • Received : 2017.01.24
  • Accepted : 2017.03.14
  • Published : 2017.04.30

Abstract

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to identify degrees of low back pain, knowledge of and educational needs for low back pain of patients with chronic low back pain and to investigate their relationships. Methods: Data were collected from questionnaires distributed to 83 patients with chronic low back pain at a hospital. Results: The low back pain score was $4.70{\pm}2.22$ out of 10. The degree of low back pain was a statistically significant difference according to gender, smoking, radiating pain and frequency and duration, daily life disturbance degree, sleep disturbance and depression. The knowledge score was 8.29 out of 13. The knowledge was a statistically significant difference according to smoking and degree of sleep disturbance. The educational needs score was 39.83 out of 50. The educational needs was a statistically significant difference according to age, duration of disease, radiating pain, standing time, depression, pain treatment experience, and treatment institutions. As the low back pain increased, the educational needs increased (r=.254, p=.021). There were no correlations between low back pain and knowledge (r=-.040, p=.720) and knowledge and educational needs (r=.061, p=.581). Conclusion: It is important to focus on items with statistically significant differences in pain, knowledge, and educational needs, and to select low knowledge and high educational needs items to develop a systematic education plan.

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