Using Film Music for Second Language, Target Culture, and Ethics Education: With Reference to the OST of The Lion King

제 2언어, 문화 및 윤리 교육 자료로서의 영화 음악 활용: 라이온 킹 OST를 중심으로

  • Received : 2017.01.17
  • Accepted : 2017.03.08
  • Published : 2017.05.28


This study addresses the effective utilization of film music as learning material for language, target culture, and ethics education. Music is intertwined with language and culture, and even with ethics. This study focuses on the potential power of film music in the processes of teaching and learning in a classroom. For this purpose, five songs are selected from the soundtrack of Disney's famous animation The Lion King: "Circle of life", "I just can't wait to be king", "Be prepared", "Hakuna Matata", and "Can you feel the love tonight?", and concrete learning activities are suggested based on these. Using these five songs, gap-filling and singing-recoding tasks are proposed as listening and speaking activities respectively. Film music is also very useful in learning vocabulary, sentence structure, and grammar. Learners participate in a writing activity involving creating their own lyrics for the tunes reflecting their experiences. Next, for culture education, a teacher asks their students to discuss about, and be aware of, food culture using a specific character's song. Finally, for ethics education, a philosophy of life, natural logic, leadership qualities, and the motto Hakuna Matata("no worries") are explored and discussed through an analysis of the lyrics. The open-ended questionnaire survey is conducted. The result shows that music has a positive effect on culture and ethics education. Film music can be effective in learning a second language, target culture, and ethics.


Film Music;Second Language;Culture Education;Ethics Education;The Lion King


  1. C. M. Johnson and J. E. Memmott, "Examination of Relationships Between Music Programs of Differing Quality and Standardised Test Results," Journal of Research in Music Education, Winter, Vol.54, No.4, pp.293-307, 2006.
  2. L. Domoney and S. Harris, "Justified and Ancient: Pop Music in EFL Classrooms," ELT Journal, Vol.47, No.3, pp.234-241, 1993.
  3. C. K. Cheung, "The Use of Popular Culture as a Stimulus to Motivate Secondary Students' English Learning in Hong Kong," ELT Journal, Vol.55, No.1, pp.55-61, 2001.
  4. T. Plagwitz, "Karaoke in the Digital Audio Lab," Proceedings of the Digital Stream Conference 2006 at California State University, Monterey Bay, ISSN.1946-1526, 2006.
  5. Y. Ajibade and K. Ndububa, "Effects of Word Games, Culturally Relevant Songs, and Stories on Students' Motivation in a Nigerian English Language Class," TESL Canada Journal/Revue TESL du Canada, Vol.25, No.2, pp.27-48, 2008.
  6. F. Mishan, Designing Authenticity into Language Learning Materials, Bristol: Intellect Books, 2005.
  7. R. Jones, Echoing Their Lives: Teaching Russian Language and Culture Through the Music of Vladimir S. Vysotsky, Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin, Texas, 2008.
  8. D. Griffee, "Editorial Introduction," The Language Teacher, Vol.XIII, No.5, p.3, 1989.
  9. D. Arnett-Gary, "The Effects of the Arts on Academic Achievement," Masters Abstracts International, Vol.42, No.01, p.22, 1998.
  10. D. M. Cardarelli, The Effects of Music Instrumental Training on Performance on the Reading and Mathematics Portions of the Florida Comprehensive Achievement Test for 3rd Grade Students, Doctoral Dissertation, University of Central Florida, Dissertation Abstracts International, Vol.64, No.10, 3624A, 2003.
  11. Y. Shobo, Arts, Recreation and Children and Arkansas, 2001, ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED463076, 2001.
  12. D. E. Trent, The Impact of Instrumental Education on Academic Achievement, Doctoral Dissertation, East Texas State University, Dissertation Abstracts International, Vol.57, No.07, 2933A, 1996.
  13. J. N. Yoon, Music in the Classroom: Its influence on Children's Brain Development, Academic Performance, and Practical Life Skills, ERIC Document Reproduction Service, No.ED442707, 2000.
  14. C. Salcedo, "The Effects of Songs in the Foreign Language Classroom on Text Recall, Delayed Text Recall and Involuntary Mental Rehearsal," Paper Presented at 2010 IABR (International Applied Business Research) & ITLC (International College Teaching and Learning) Conference Proceedings, pp.1-12, 2010.
  15. 양효진, "스마트교육시대의 청소년 인터넷윤리 교육방향," INTERNET & SECURITY FOCUS, pp.48-67, 2014(6).
  16. A. Saricoban and E. Metin, "Songs, Verse and Games for Teaching Grammar," The Internet TESL Journal, Vol.VII, No.2, Retrieved from, 2000.
  17. E. Adamowski, The ESL Songbook, Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press, 1997.
  18. R. Bolitho, R. Carter, R. Hughes, R. Ivanic, H. Masuhara, and B. Tomlinson, "Ten Questions About Language Awareness," ELT Journal, Vol.57, No.3, pp.251-259, 2003.
  19. S. Chunxuan, "Using English Songs: An Enjoyable and Effective Approach to ELT, English Language Teaching," Vol.2, No.1, pp.88-94, 2009.