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Water Extracts of Anthriscus sylvestris Leaf induces Apoptosis in FaDu Human Hypopharynx Squamous Carcinoma Cells

  • Yang, Jung Eun (Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Chosun University) ;
  • Lee, Seul Ah (Department of Oral Biochemistry, College of Dentistry, Chosun University) ;
  • Moon, Sung Min (Oral Biology Research Institute, Chosun University) ;
  • Han, Seul Hee (Department of Oral Biochemistry, College of Dentistry, Chosun University) ;
  • Choi, Yun Hee (Department of Oral Biochemistry, College of Dentistry, Chosun University) ;
  • Kim, Su-Gwan (Oral Biology Research Institute, Chosun University) ;
  • Kim, Do Kyung (Oral Biology Research Institute, Chosun University) ;
  • Park, Bo-Ram (Department of Dental Hygiene, Chodang University) ;
  • Kim, Chun Sung (Department of Oral Biochemistry, College of Dentistry, Chosun University)
  • Received : 2017.05.04
  • Accepted : 2017.05.27
  • Published : 2017.06.30

Abstract

Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm. is a perennial herb found widely distributed in various regions of Korea, Europe, and New Zealand. The root of A. sylvestris have been extensively used in the treatment for antitussive, antipyretic, cough remedy in Oriental medicine, but the physiologically active function of the leaf of A. sylvestris is as yet unknown. In this study, we investigated the anti-cancer activity and the mechanism of cell death of water extracts of leaf of Anthriscus sylvestris (WELAS), on human FaDu hypopharyngeal squamous carcinoma cells. Our data showed that WELAS treatment inhibited cell viability in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. In addition, the treatment of WELAS markedly induced apoptosis in FaDu cells, as determined by the viability assay, DAPI stain and FACS analysis. WELAS also increased the proteolytic cleavage of procaspase-3, -9 and PARP (poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase). In addition, exposure to WELAS decreased the expression of Bcl-2 (an anti-apoptotic factor), but increased the expression of Bax (a pro-apoptotic factor), suggesting that mitochondria-dependent apoptotic pathways are mediated in WELAS-induced apoptosis. Taken together, these results indicate that water extracts of leaf of A. sylvestris inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis via the mitochondrial-dependent apoptotic pathway in FaDu human hypopharyngeal squamous carcinoma cells. Therefore, we propose that the water extracts of leaf of A. sylvestris is a novel chemotherapeutic drug, having growth inhibitory properties and induction of apoptosis in human oral cancer cells.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 조선대학교 치과대학교

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