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Changes in Anxiety and Vital Signs of Scaling Patients

스케일링 전과 후의 불안 및 Vital Sign 변화

  • 김해선 (백석문화대학교 치위생과) ;
  • 한지연 (백석문화대학교 치위생과) ;
  • 황지민 (백석문화대학교 치위생과)
  • Received : 2017.02.17
  • Accepted : 2017.03.27
  • Published : 2017.06.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in the vital signs and anxiety reactions during scaling to patients who had received the dental hygiene treatment at department of Dental Hygiene in a university. A total of 189 patients were participated in the study. The level of anxiety was assessed through a dental anxiety questionnaire consisting of dental fear survey scale and dental anxiety survey scale. The vital signs were measured before and after scaling. The obtained results were as follows. The level of anxiety before scaling was 2.16 and after scaling was 1.96. This was significantly higher in women. The pulse and systolic blood pressure after scaling significantly decreased from 77.48 times to 74.36 times per minute and from 124.96 mmHg to 122.50 mmHg respectively. These changes are within the normal physiological variations. Individual changes in respiration, pulse, blood pressure, body temperature are affected by age, gender and previous dental experience, but previous scaling experience. The level of anxiety was significantly explained by respiration before scaling and pulse after scaling. As a result, scaling was associated with dental anxiety reactions and changes in vital signs.

Keywords

Scaling;Vital Sign;Anxiety

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