The Effect of Nonpharmacologic Interventions on Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia : A Meta-Analysis

치매환자의 행동심리증상에 비약물적 중재가 미치는 효과 - 메타분석

  • 권미화 (건양대학교 일반대학원 작업치료학 전공) ;
  • 이재신 (건양대학교 작업치료학과)
  • Received : 2017.02.22
  • Accepted : 2017.03.27
  • Published : 2017.06.28


To investigate a variety of nonpharmacologic interventions have confirmed what the symptoms and effects, mainly interventions by acting on behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia was conducted a meta-analysis. Data were collected from online search engines using search words from domestic and foreign article database. The researcher independently and among the pre-post experimental studies published from January 2000 to June 2016, recalled applying for the elderly with dementia presents the effect of treatment group and the control group RCT in this study were included in the study. The results of this meta-analysis showed that, effect size of the nonpharmacologic interventions of total -0.33, occupational therapy - 0.26, multi-sensory stimulation intervention -0.65 was significant beneficial effects to elderly with dementia(p<.05). According to interventions as a major affected the symptoms associated with behavioral problems, mainly aggression, memory-related problem behavior in the home-based program. Also, reminiscence therapy and occupational therapy is generally apathy, multi-sensory stimulation and music therapy was confirmed that there was a major change in behavior anxiety or agitation. The results of this study confirmed that various nonpharmacologic interventions were effective on behavioral psychological symptoms of dementia patients and confirmed the main symptoms of intervention.


Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia(BPSD);Dementia;Nonpharmacologic Intervention;Meta-analysis;Multi-Sensory Stimulation;Occupational Therapy


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