Candida albicans urinary tract infection in a Shih Tzu dog with immune-mediated hemolytic anemia

  • Jang, In-Sung (Section of Small Animal Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Yoon, Won-Kyoung (Section of Small Animal Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Hyun, Changbaig (Section of Small Animal Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kangwon National University)
  • Received : 2017.02.04
  • Accepted : 2017.06.05
  • Published : 2017.06.30


An 8-year-old castrated male Shih Tzu dog (weighing 7.0 kg) presented with anemia and lethargy. Initial diagnosis indicated immune-mediated hemolytic anemia. During therapy, a secondary urinary infection, probably due to the immune suppressive therapy, was diagnosed. Subsequent diagnostic tests, including urinalysis and urine culture, indicated candidal cystitis. Despite ketoconazole therapy for candidal cystitis, the dog died suddenly. A Candida albicans infection was confirmed upon postmortem evaluation. Prolonged immunosuppressive therapy might be the cause of this infection. This is the first case report describing a Candida albicans urinary tract infection accompanied by hemolytic anemia in a dog in Korea.


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