A Development of CNC Engraving Machine System for Non-experts

비숙련자를 위한 CNC 조각기 시스템의 개발 방안 연구

  • Yang, Min Cheol (Dept. of Design and Engineering, Seoul Nat'l Univ. of Science and Technology) ;
  • Chung, Yunchan (Dept. of Design and Engineering, Seoul Nat'l Univ. of Science and Technology)
  • 양민철 (서울과학기술대학교 디자인기술융합전공) ;
  • 정연찬 (서울과학기술대학교 디자인기술융합전공)
  • Received : 2016.10.25
  • Accepted : 2017.03.31
  • Published : 2017.07.01


As the culture of making things based on "do-it-yourself" (DIY) activity is increasingly promoted, the use of recent digital technologies and tools, including the 3D printer, have become widespread. However, the use of computerized numerical control (CNC) engraving machine is considered difficult because of the complicated procedures and specialized knowledge required for its operation. Therefore, this study aims to resolve the issue that limits the usability of the CNC engraving machine. This paper presents a novel CNC engraving machine system for non-experts based on human-centered design. First, the size and type of the workpiece and tool are reduced. Second, computer-aided process planning (CAPP) steps such as tool path generation, workpiece clamping, and corresponding coordinate system are automated by compromising productivity and efficiency. As a result, a CNC engraving machine system that can be easily used by non-experts was developed. This development has great significance in that it opens up the possibility of using the CNC engraving machine for a wider range of DIY activities.


CNC Engraving Machine;Engraving System;Prototyping;Human Centered Design


Supported by : 산업통상자원부


  1. Lee, Y. K., Jeon, J. H., Lee, S. Y. and Kim, H. J, 2014, "Trends in Standardization and Policy of ICD DIY," The Journal of the Korean Institute of Communication Sciences, Vol. 31, No. 7, pp. 47-51.
  2. Kwak, K. H. and Park, S. W., 2013, "The Analysis of Technology Trends in Global 3D Printing Industry," Journal of the Korean Soc. Mech. Eng., Vol. 53, No. 10, pp. 58-64.
  3. Soderberg, J., 2013, "Automating Amateurs in the 3D Printing Community," Work Organisation, Labour and Globalisation, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 124-139.
  4. Pham, D. T. and Gault, R. S., 1998, "A Comparison of Rapid Prototyping Technologies," International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Vol. 38, No. 10-11, pp. 1257-1287.
  5. Wong, K. V. and Hernandez, A., 2012, "A Review of Additive Manufacturing," International Scholarly Research Network Mechanical Engineering, pp. 1-10.
  6. Álvares, A. J., Ferreira, J. C. E. and Lorenzo, R. M., 2008, "An Integrated Web-based CAD/CAPP/ CAM System for the Remote Design and Manufacture of Feature-based Cylindrical Parts," Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, Vol. 19, No. 6, pp. 643-659.
  7. Ming, X. G., Yan, J. Q., Wang, X. H., Li, S. N., Lu, W. F., Peng, Q. J. and Ma, Y. S., 2008, "Collaborative Process Planning and Manufacturing in Product Lifecycle Management," Computers in Industry, Vol. 59, No. 2-3, pp. 154-166.
  8. Yao, S., Han, X., Yang, Y., Rong, Y., Huang, S. H., Yen, D. W. and Zhang, G., 2007, "Computer Aided Manufacturing Planning for Mass Customization: Part 2, Automated Setup Planning," The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 205-217.
  9. Xu, X. W. and He, Q., 2004, "Striving for a Total Integration of CAD, CAPP, CAM and CNC," Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 101-109.
  10. Frank, M. C., Wysk, R. A. and Joshi, S. B., 2004, "Rapid Planning for CNC Milling - A New Approach for Rapid Prototyping," Journal of Manufacturing Systems, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 242-255.
  11. Gologlu, C., 2003, "A Constraint-Based Operation Sequencing for A Knowledge-Based Process Planning," Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 463-470.
  12. Yusof, Y. and Latif, K., 2014, "Survey on Computer-Aided Process Planning," The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 75, No. 1, pp. 77-89.
  13. Frank, M. C., Wysk, R. A. and Joshi, S. B., 2006, "Determining Setup Orientations from the Visibility of Slice Geometry for Rapid Computer Numerically Controlled Machining," Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Vol. 128, No. 1, pp. 228-238.
  14. Bakker, O. J., Papastathis, T. N., Ratchev, S. M. and Popov, A. A., 2013, "Recent Research on Flexible Fixtures for Manufacturing Processes," Recent Patents on Mechanical Engineering, Vol.6, No. 2, pp. 107-121.
  15. Boonsuk, W. and Frank, M. C., 2009, "Automated Fixture Design for A Rapid Machining Process," Rapid Prototyping Journal, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 111-125.
  16. Claverley, J. D. and Leach, R. K., 2010, "A Vibrating Micro-scale CMM Probe for Measuring High Aspect Ratio Structures," Microsystem Technologies, Vol. 16, No. 8, pp. 1507-1512.
  17. Sladek, J., Blaszczyk, P. M., Kupiec, M. and Sitnik, R., 2011, "The Hybrid Contact-Optical Coordinate Measuring System," Measurement, Vol. 44, No. 3, pp. 503-510.
  18. Yan, L., Lixin, H. and Feng, G., 2016, "Study on Positioning Method of Workpiece without Fixture Based on Binocular Vision," 2016 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology, pp. 798-803.
  19. Tu, C. and Yu, L., 2009, "Research on Collision Detection Algorithm Based on AABB-OBB Bounding Volume," 2009 First International Workshop on Education Technology and Computer Science, pp. 331-333.