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Trismus as an Orofacial Manifestation of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

  • Chae, Hwa Suk (Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Byun, Jin-Seok (Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Jung, Jae-Kwang (Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Choi, Jae-Kap (Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University)
  • Received : 2017.05.20
  • Accepted : 2017.06.16
  • Published : 2017.06.30

Abstract

Leukemia is a malignant disease characterized by uncontrolled clonal proliferation of white blood cells. It is classified depending on clinical course of disease (acute or chronic) and the primary hematopoietic cell line affected (myeloid or lymphoid). Leukemia is often associated with orofacial manifestations, such as oral bleeding, petechiae, oral ulceration, gingival enlargement, mucosal pallor and mental nerve neuropathy. However, trismus has been rarely reported as a sign of leukemia. We present a case of trismus caused by acute lymphoblastic leukemia and emphasize the importance of orofacial manifestations in the early diagnosis of leukemia.

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