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The Effect of Parent's Sex-role Attitude on Parent-child Relationship in Multicultural Families

다문화 가정 부모의 성 역할태도가 부모-자녀관계에 미치는 영향

  • Yeon, Eun Mo (College of Basic Studies, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Choi, Hyo-sik (Department of Education, Chuncheon National University of Education)
  • 연은모 (영남대학교 교양학부) ;
  • 최효식 (춘천교육대학교 교육학과)
  • Received : 2017.03.02
  • Accepted : 2017.06.09
  • Published : 2017.06.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the actor and partner effects of the parental sex-role attitude on the parent-child relationship by using the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM). Specifically, this study focused on the examination of the actor and partner effects of the parental sex-role attitude in married couples with immigrant women who have children under 5 years old. For the analyses, a total of 5,531 couples who participated in the National Survey on Multi-cultural Families were included and the major findings are as follows. First, the couple's sex-role attitude had a statistically significant actor effect on the parent-child relationship. Parents who were more conscious of gender equality displayed a better parent-child relationship and this effect was greater in the case of the father's attitude than the mother's. Second, the father's sex-role attitude had a statistically significant partner effect on the mother-child relationship, whereas the mother's attitude did not. Third, the couple's actor effects were greater than their partner effects and this means that the personal sex-role attitude has a greater impact on the parent-child relationship than the partners' attitude. The implication and limitations derived from these empirical-scientific database results and related studies in educational program of gender equality attitude for multi-cultural families.

이 연구는 다문화 가정의 어머니와 아버지의 성 역할태도가 부모-자녀관계의 질에 미치는 자기효과와 상대방효과를 살펴보기 위한 서술적 인과관계 연구이다. 본 연구에서는 다문화 가정 부모의 커플자료 분석을 위해 여성가족부의 2015년 전국다문화가족실태조사 대상 중 만 5세 이하 자녀를 두고, 결혼이주여성과 한국인 남성으로 구성된 5,531쌍의 자료를 활용하였다. 자료 분석을 위해 SPSS 20.0과 AMOS 20.0 통계프로그램을 사용하였으며, 구조모형 검증 방법에 기초한 자기-상대방 상호의존모형(Actor-Partner Interdependence Model, APIM) 분석방법을 활용하였다. 분석 결과, 첫째, 어머니와 아버지 모두 성 역할태도가 부모-자녀관계에 미치는 자기효과가 확인되었다. 즉, 어머니와 아버지 모두 평등한 성 역할태도를 가질수록 긍정적인 부모-자녀관계를 형성하는 것으로 나타났다. 자기효과 간 크기 비교 결과, 어머니보다는 아버지의 경우 성 역할 태도가 부모-자녀관계에 더 큰 영향을 미치는 것으로 확인되었다. 둘째, 아버지의 성 역할태도는 어머니-자녀관계에 영향을 미치는 상대방효과가 있는 반면, 어머니의 성 역할태도가 아버지-자녀관계에 미치는 상대방효과는 통계적인 유의성이 없는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 어머니와 아버지 모두 상대방효과 보다는 자기효과가 더 큰 것으로 확인되었다. 이는 배우자의 성 역할태도 보다는 자신의 성 역할태도가 부모-자녀관계에 더 큰 영향을 미침을 의미한다. 본 연구 결과는 다문화 가정의 부모를 대상으로 한 부모 교육 시 평등한 성 역할태도 교육의 중요성을 시사한다. 특히 본 연구는 아버지의 경우에도 평등한 성 역할태도가 긍정적 자녀관계를 촉진할 수 있다는 경험과학적 증거를 확인했다는 의의가 있다.

Keywords

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