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Comparison of the Effects of Socioscientific Issues Instruction on Promoting College Students' Character and Values: Based on Idiocentrism and Allocentrism

과학관련 사회쟁점을 활용한 대학생 인성교육의 효과 -개인-집단중심성향에 따른 비교-

  • Received : 2017.03.22
  • Accepted : 2017.05.29
  • Published : 2017.06.30

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the effects of socioscientific issues (SSI) instruction on promoting college students' character and values as citizens, and to compare the effects based on the psychological factor - idiocentrism and allocentrism. Thirty-one college students who enrolled in the SSI course participated in this study. The SSI course provided the students with opportunities to explore various aspects of five topics, to express and share their own opinions, and to identify reasonable alternatives. The students with distinct tendencies were classified into two groups (i.e. idiocentric and allocentric groups) based on the personal value orientation scores before the instruction, and they responded to the questionnaire to examine their character and values as citizens before and after the instruction. The results showed that the students' social and moral compassion and socioscientific accountability improved significantly after the SSI course. The overall effects of the SSI program on students' character and values were not significantly different between two groups. However, the post-mean score of the allocentric group in socioscientific accountability was higher than the one of the idiocentric group. This study shows that SSI instruction could positively affect character development regardless of psychological tendencies, and could be implemented in the science classroom as a good instructional approach to integrating science education and character education.

Keywords

Socioscientific issues;Idiocentrism;Allocentrism;Character education;Global citizenship

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 이화여자대학교

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