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A Literature Review on Media-Based Learning in Science

과학과 미디어 기반 학습 관련 문헌 연구

  • Byun, Taejin (Korea Institute for Curriculum and Evaluation)
  • 투고 : 2017.03.09
  • 심사 : 2017.05.29
  • 발행 : 2017.06.30

초록

미디어는 정보 전달 수단으로 사용되는 문자 또는 이미지를 의미하며, 시공간을 넘어 정보 전달을 매개한다. 미디어는 신문과 텔레비전과 같은 올드 미디어부터 인터넷과 스마트폰으로 대표되는 뉴 미디어까지, 테크놀로지의 발달과 함께 점진적 누적적으로 발달해왔다. 미디어 교육의 목표는 미디어의 속성을 이해하고, 미디어에 대한 비판적 해석과 선별적 수용 태도를 기르며, 나아가 미디어를 통해 창의적으로 의미를 표현하고, 의사소통할 수 있는 능력을 기르는 것이다. 연구자는 국어, 사회 교과교육 연구자들과 함께 2016년 7월~12월까지 '미디어 기반 학습에 기초한 한국형 교실수업 모델 개발 연구'를 수행하였다. 본 연구는 해당 과제의 기초 연구로써 연구자는 2006년~2016년 사이 발간된 58편의 논문에서 과학과 미디어 기반 학습과 관련된 문헌 연구를 통해 연구 동향과 변인을 추출하였다. 연구 결과 과학과 미디어 기반 학습 관련 연구가 최근 증가 추세에 있으며, 전체 연구 중 초등학생을 연구 대상으로 삼은 경우가 절반이 넘었다. 조사한 문헌들은 학생 대상 연구, 교사와 예비 교사 관련 연구, 스마트 기기 또는 미디어 콘텐츠 관련 연구, 디지털 교과서 개발 관련 연구로 구분할 수 있었으며, 4개의 변인 중 학생을 대상으로 인지적 정의적 발달 관련 연구와, 미디어 콘텐츠의 개발 및 적용과 관련된 연구가 다수를 이루었다.

키워드

미디어 기반 학습;과학 교육;문헌 연구

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 교육부

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