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The Influence of Paired Think-Aloud Problem Solving on Interactions among PCK Components Considered in the Processes of Making Written Test Items by Pre-Service Chemistry Teachers

해결자·청취자 활동이 예비 화학교사의 지필평가 문항 제작 과정에서 고려된 교과교육학 지식(PCK) 구성 요소 사이의 상호작용에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2017.05.13
  • Accepted : 2017.06.13
  • Published : 2017.06.30

Abstract

This study investigated the influence of paired think-aloud problem solving on interactions among the pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) components considered in the processes of making written test items by pre-service chemistry teachers. The processes of making written test items using paired think-aloud problem solving in four small groups consisting of two pre-service chemistry teachers were recorded and transcribed. The analysis of the results revealed that the 'assessment in science education' of the five PCK components, regardless of the roles (solver or listener), was most frequently used in making written test items. 'Subject matter knowledge' and 'students' were also frequently used although less than the previous component. However, 'curriculum for science education' and 'instructional strategies and instruction for science education' was a little used. In the aspects of integration, the integrations between two or three components of various types were frequently found. The integrations among four or five components were also slightly found. However, the integrations of 'curriculum for science education' with the other components were less frequently found. The integrations of 'instructional strategies and instruction for science education' with other components were hardly found. The usefulness, limitations, and effective use of paired think-aloud problem solving as a strategy improving competency to make written test items and the PCK of pre-service teachers were discussed on the basis of the results.

Keywords

paired think-aloud problem solving;written test;pedagogical content knowledge (PCK);integration among PCK components;pre-service chemistry teacher

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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