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The Features of Intuitive Thinking Emerged During Problem Solving Activities About Thermal Phenomena: When Intuitive Thinking Appears and How it is Related to Logical Thinking

열 현상에 대한 초등학생들의 문제해결 과정에서 나타나는 직관적 사고의 특징 -발현의 맥락 및 논리적 사고와의 관계를 중심으로-

  • Received : 2017.05.12
  • Accepted : 2017.06.27
  • Published : 2017.06.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the features of elementary students' intuitive thinking emerged during problem solving activities as it related to thermal phenomena, focusing on when intuitive thinking appears and how it is related to logical thinking. For this, we presented a problem related to thermal phenomena to nine 5th-grade students, and examined how students' thinking emerged in the activities. We conducted clinical interviews to investigate the thinking process of students. The results of this study are as follows. First, students made their own solutions and justified it later during the emergence process of intuitive thinking. It was also found that students connected concrete materials and abstract concepts intuitively. They solved the problem by making predictions even when information is insufficient. Second, it was shown that intuitive thinking can emerge through the intended strategies such as drawing a mental image, thinking from a different perspective, and integrating methods. These results, which are related to the students' intuitive thinking has received little attention and will be the basis for helping students in the context of discovery of their problem solving activities.

Keywords

intuitive thinking;emergence of intuitive thinking;problem solving;thermal phenomena;logical thinking

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