DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Direction for the management of air pollutants based on health risk in Korea

위해성을 고려한 대기오염물질의 관리 방향

  • Kim, Young Ju (Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Kim, Yong Pyo (Department of Chemical Engineering & Materials Science, Ewha Womans University)
  • 김영주 (이화여자대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 김용표 (이화여자대학교 화학신소재공학과)
  • Received : 2017.03.12
  • Accepted : 2017.03.29
  • Published : 2017.06.30

Abstract

Policy direction for the management of air quality in Korea has been on the reduction of the average concentrations of the criteria air pollutants such as sulfur dioxide and fine particles. However, recently, risk based management of air pollutants becomes an important issue. In this study, to develop an effective air quality management policy direction in Korea, (1) the fourth Multiple Air Toxics Exposure Study (MATES IV) carried out in the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SQAQMD) in the USA is reviewed and (2) the results are compared with in these in Seoul and (3) policy directions are suggested. It was found that (1) systematic integrated study comprising of measurement, modeling, emission inventory estimation, and risk assessment was essential to estimate the health risk of air pollutants reliably, (2) cancer risk of diesel particle was dominant over other air pollutants, and (3) health risk based emissions were different from amount based emissions. It was suggested that (1) reducing the exposure from hot spots might important to reduce health risk from air pollutants and (2) an integrated air quality management administration system is important for the efficient management of air pollution.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

References

  1. AER (Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc.) (2002). Air toxics modeling.
  2. Choi, N.R., Lee, S.P., Lee, J.Y., Jung, C.H. and Kim, Y.P. (2016). Speciation and source identification of organic compounds in pm 10 over seoul, south korea. Chemosphere144: 1589-1596. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.10.041
  3. Ghim, Y.S, Moon, K.C, Lee, S.H and Kim, Y.P. (2005). Visibility trends in Korea during the past two decades, Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 55: 73-82. https://doi.org/10.1080/10473289.2005.10464599
  4. Han, S.H., Kim, Y.P., 2015. Long-term trends of the concentrations of mass and chemical composition in PM2.5 over Seoul (inKorean). Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment 31, 143-156. https://doi.org/10.5572/KOSAE.2015.31.2.143
  5. KEI (Korea Environment Institute) (2005), The application of air quality models on environment impact assessment.
  6. KEI (Korea Environment Institute) (2013). A study on the health impact and management policy of PM2.5 in Korea (II).
  7. MOE (Ministry of Environment) (2012). Revision of clean air conservation act, No. 11445.
  8. MOE (Ministry of Environment) (2013). The 2nd special act on Seoul metropolitan air quality improvement (2015-2024).
  9. NIER (National Institute of Environmental Research) (2011). KATOP, Korea Air Toxics Plan.
  10. NIER (National Institute of Environmental Research) (2012). A study on the control strategy against Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) in urban areas.
  11. NIER (National Institute of Environmental Research) (2013). Establishment of the direction of Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) management policy and development of the roadmap.
  12. NIER (National Institute of Environmental Research) (2014) Monitoring of HAPs in urban areas (I).
  13. SCAQMD (South Coast Air Quality Management District) (2015). Multiple air toxics exposure study in the South Coast Air Basin.
  14. Shin, H. J., Roh, S. A., Kim, J. C., and Kim, Y. P. (2013b). Temporal variation of volatile organic compounds and their major emission sources in Seoul, Korea, Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res., 20 (12), 8717-8728. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-1843-2
  15. USEPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency) (2011). An overview of methods for EPA's National-scale Air Toxics Assessment.
  16. Yoe, M. J. Kim, N. K, Kim, B. M., Jung, C. H., Hong, J. H and Kim, Y. P. (2016). Direction for the management of hazardous air pollutants in Korea, Particle and Aersol Research, 12(3), 81-94.