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A Study on the Characteristics of Modern Christian Spaces seen from the Perspectives of M. Eliade's Religious Phenomenology

M.엘리아데의 종교현상학 관점으로 본 현대 기독교공간의 특성에 관한 연구

  • 이진경 (건국대학교 건축전문대학원 실내건축 설계학과) ;
  • 김문덕 (건국대학교 실내디자인학과)
  • Received : 2017.04.30
  • Accepted : 2017.06.13
  • Published : 2017.08.31

Abstract

Modern Christian spaces are developing from the past architectural styles to the phenomenological aspects. This study was conducted since it was judged that research and analysis is desirable with the application of religious phenomenological theories which fit the characteristics of religious spaces. A scholar of religion, M. Eliade studied religious phenomenology based on religious studies. This study analyzed the characteristics of religious phenomenology of the Christian spaces based on his theory. As a research method, this study analyzed the category of religious studies and religious phenomenology derived from them and selected M. Eliade as one of the theorists in the field of religious phenomenology. Study drew out the characteristics of Christian spaces from the perspective of M. Eliade's religious phenomenology as follows; In the Christian spaces, characteristics of experiential spatiality and ambiguous spatiality appeared in relation to the spaces of 'Sacred' and 'Profane' which M. Eliade aimed to explain. The characteristics of Christian spaces drawn out from the time of 'Sacred' and 'Profane', which is M. Eliade's theory, were fundamental temporality, environmental temporality and subjective temporality. From the structure and form of 'Sacred' and 'Profane', which is M. Eliade's theory, the characteristics of Christian spaces can be considered to be formative symbolism and physical naturalness. Various characteristics of Christian spaces materialize the concepts of 'hierophany' and 'sublimity' vaguely felt in religious spaces. The results of this study is expected to provide researchers, religious people and general public who study Christian spaces with research basis to further objectify results of their studies as well as basic data on the phenomenological methodology of religion.

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