Municipal solid waste management in Aba, Nigeria: Challenges and prospects

  • Received : 2017.08.03
  • Accepted : 2017.09.05
  • Published : 2017.09.30


Solid waste disposal and management is a critical problem in Nigeria. Annually, a huge quantity of municipal solid waste is generated in Aba. Municipal solid waste disposal in Aba poses severe challenge to environmental safety, public health and welfare of citizens. The situation is made worse by the indiscriminate dumping of refuse at roadsides, streets, waterways and empty lands. The impact of this waste management practice in Aba is environmental deterioration. Efforts to improve waste management in Aba have not recorded significant success. This paper therefore aims to highlight the challenges facing the waste management sector in Aba and proffer solutions on how to improve the sector.


  1. Agwu MO. Issues and challenges of solid waste management practices in Port-Harcourt City, Nigeria - A behavioural perspective. Am. J. Soc. Manage. Sci. 2012;3:83-92.
  2. Odoemene UD, Ofodu J. Solid wastes management in Aba Metropolis. Int. J. Adv. Acad. Res. 2016;2:1-7.
  3. Ukpong ECU, Udo EA, Umoh IC. Characterization of materials from Aba waste dumpsites. Int. J. Eng. Appl. Sci. 2015;6:1-10.
  4. Akor AJ, Ayotamuno MJ, Aman LI, Enokela SO. Assessment of domestic solid waste generation in PortHarcourt by separator - Receptacle technology. Int. J. Sci. Eng. Res. 2013;4:1-7.
  5. Ajero C, Chigbo U. A study on the evaluation of industrial solid waste management approaches in some industries in Aba, South Eastern Nigeria. W. Afr. J. Ind. Acad. Res. 2012;4:103-112.
  6. Ayuba KA, Manaf LA, Sabrina AH, Azmin SWN. Current status of municipal solid waste management practise in FCT Abuja. Res. J. Environ. Earth Sci. 2013;5:295-304.
  7. Nkwachukwu OI, Chidi NI, Charles KO. Issues of roadside disposal habit of municipal solid waste, environmental impacts and implementation of sound management practices in developing country "Nigeria". Int. J. Environ. Sci. Dev. 2010;5:409-418.
  8. Momodu NS, Dimuna KO, Dimuna JE. Mitigating the impact of solid wastes in urban centres in Nigeria. J. Hum. Ecol. 2011;34:125-133.
  9. National Population Commission [Internet]. 2006 PHC priority Table. c2016. Available from:
  10. Sabbas T, Polettini A, Pomib R, et al. Management of municipal solid waste incineration residues. Waste Manage. 2003;23:61-88.
  11. Narayana T. Municipal solid waste management in India: From waste disposal to recovery of resources? Waste Manage. 2009;29: 1163-1166.
  12. Ogwueleka T. Municipal solid waste characteristics and management in Nigeria. J. Environ. Health Sci. Eng. 2009;6:173-180.
  13. Zhang S, Herbell JD, Gaye-Haake B. Biodegradable organic matter in municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash. Waste Manage. 2004;24:673-679.
  14. Seik FT. Recycling of domestic waste: Early experiences in Singapore. Habitat Int. 1997;21:277-289.
  15. Ezechi EH, Isa MH, Kutty SR, Sapari NB. Boron recovery, application and economic significance: A review. In: National Postgraduate Conference (NPC); 19-20 September 2011; Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. IEEE; 2011. p. 815-820.
  16. Zhang D, Keat TS, Gersberg RM. A comparison of municipal solid waste management in Berlin and Singapore. Waste Manage. 2010;30:921-933.
  17. Sharma S. Municipal solid waste management through vermicomposting employing exotic and local species of earthworm. Bioresour. Technol. 2003;90:169-173.
  18. Singh R, Ibrahim MH, Esa N, Iliyana M. Composting of waste from palm oil mill: A sustainable waste management practice. Rev. Environ. Sci. Bio/Technol. 2010;9:331-344.
  19. Schaub S, Leonard J. Composting: An alternative waste management option for food processing industries. Trends Food Sci. Technol. 1996;7:263-268.
  20. Couth R, Trois C. Cost effective waste management through composting in Africa. Waste Manage. 2012;32:2518-2525.
  21. Kato K, Miura N, Tabuchi H, Nioh I. Evaluation of maturity of poultry manure compost by phospholipid fatty acids analysis. Biol. Fertil. Soils 2005;41:399-410.
  22. Bernal MP, Alburquerque J, Moral R. Composting of animal manures and chemical criteria for compost maturity assessment. A review. Bioresour. Technol. 2009;100:5444-5453.
  23. Fang M, Wong J, Ma K, Wong M. Co-composting of sewage sludge and coal fly ash: Nutrient transformations. Bioresour. Technol. 1999;67:19-24.
  24. Moral R, Paredes C, Bustamante M, Marhuenda-Egea F, Bernal M. Utilisation of manure composts by high-value crops: Safety and environmental challenges. Bioresour. Technol. 2009;100: 5454-5460.
  25. Bovea M, Ibanez-Fores V, Gallardo A, Colomer-Mendoza F. Environmental assessment of alternative municipal solid waste management strategies. A Spanish case study. Waste Manage. 2010;30:2383-2395.
  26. Jha AK, Sharma C, Singh N, Ramesh R, Purvaja R, Gupta PK. Greenhouse gas emissions from municipal solid waste management in Indian mega-cities: A case study of Chennai landfill sites. Chemosphere 2008;71:750-758.
  27. Weitz KA, Thorneloe SA, Nishtala SR, Yarkosky S, Zannes M. The impact of municipal solid waste management on greenhouse gas emissions in the United States. J. Air Waste Manag. Assoc. 2002;52:1000-1011.
  28. Abila B, Kantola J. Municipal solid waste management problems in Nigeria: Evolving knowledge management solution. Int. J. Environ. Chem. Ecol. Geol. Geophys. Eng. 2013;7:303-308.
  29. Eneh OC. Managing Nigeria's environment: The unresolved issues. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2011;4:250-263.
  30. Periathamby A, Hamid FS, Khidzir K. Evolution of solid waste management in Malaysia: Impacts and implications of the solid waste bill, 2007. J. Mater. Cycles Waste Manage. 2009;11:96-103.
  31. Srivastava P, Kulshreshtha K, Mohanty C, Pushpangadan P, Singh A. Stakeholder-based SWOT analysis for successful municipal solid waste management in Lucknow, India. Waste Manage. 2005;25:531-537.
  32. Perron GM, Cote RP, Duffy JF. Improving environmental awareness training in business. J. Clean. Prod. 2006;14:551-562.
  33. Kaosol T. Sustainable solutions for municipal solid waste management in Thailand. World Acad. Sci. Eng. Technol. 2009;60: 665-670.

Cited by

  1. Current treatment and disposal practices for medical wastes in Bujumbura, Burundi vol.24, pp.2, 2018,